CHIEF JUSTICE ROGER B. TANEY - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED THREE TIMES CIRCA 1804 - HFSID 155384
Sale Price $552.50
ROGER BROOKE TANEY
Legal document in a £100 assault case, written and signed by Robert Brooke Taney. This document is from early in his legal career and long before he became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
Autograph document signed "R. B. Taney" twice in document and once on document. Pencil notations on verso. 1 page, 7¾x9½, docketed on verso Document in a £100 assault case brought against Robert Heans by Anley Stewart. In full: "And whereupon the said Ansley by R.B. Taney his attorney complains that the said Robert on the fourth day of July in the year eighteen hundred and four at Frederick County aforesaid with force and arms that is to say with swords clubs sticks knives and fists, made an assault on him the said Ansley and him did then there beat wound and evilly treated so that his life was greatly despaired of, and other enormities to him of him the said Ansely and against the peace government and dignity of the State of Maryland and soforth to herefore the said Ansely saith that he is injured and hath damage to the value of one hundred pounds current money and therefore the begs suit and soforth." On verso: "Jos. Ritchie file this and fill up Blanks from writ". Thisdocument was written and signed long before Taney became President Jackson's Attorney General and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Taney (1777-1864, born in Calvert County, Maryland) was educated privately before attending Dickinson College, where he graduated first in his class. Taney apprenticed with an Annapolis lawyer for three years and was admitted to the bar in 1799 when he was 22. After two years as a Federalist member of the Maryland House of Delegates,he began his legal career in earnest in Frederick, Maryland. There, he met Anne Phoebe Charlton Key, the sister of Francis Scott Key, whom he married in January of 1806. Taney, who became one of Maryland's leading lawyers, became an avid supporter of Andrew Jackson after the Federalist Party faded away. In 1831, Jackson appointed Taney as both Attorney General (1831-1833) and acting Secretary of War before naming him Secretary of the Treasury on Sept. 23, 1833. Taney served until June 24, 1834, when his appointment was rejected by the United States Senate. In 1836, after a political change in the makeup of the Senate, Jackson appointed Taney as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Taney served until his death in 1864. He is chiefly remembered for his decision in the Dred Scott case (1857), which stated that slaves were not citizens and that Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in territories. Lightly toned, soiled, creased and rippled. Show-through touches handwriting and signature on docket. Stain at right edge touches handwriting, but not signature, on front and verso. Missing bottom right corner. Right and bottom edges are irregular and have light tears. Left edge and top right corner are lightly discolored. Folded twice and unfolded. Light tears along right and left edges along folds. Tape repair on verso along both folds. Otherwise in fine condition.
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