CHIEF JUSTICE ROGER B. TANEY - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED THREE TIMES - HFSID 168351
Sale Price $467.50
ROGER BROOKE TANEY
Legal plea written and signed by Roger Brooke Taney
Autograph document signed "Roger Brooke Taney" in body of document and "R. B. Taney atty." and, on verso, "R. B. Taney". Black ink notations in unknown hand on docket. 1 page, 8x13, docketed on verso. Plea in the case of Daniel Hughes advs. State for McCormick. Taney (1777-1864, born in Calvert County, Maryland) was educated privately before attending Dickinson College, where he graduated first in his class. Taney apprenticed with an Annapolis lawyer for three years and was admitted to the bar in 1799 when he was 22. After two years as a Federalist member of the Maryland House of Delegates,he began his legal career in earnest in Frederick, Maryland. There, he met Anne Phoebe Charlton Key, the sister of Francis Scott Key, whom he married in January of 1806. Taney, who became one of Maryland's leading lawyers, became an avid supporter of Andrew Jackson after the Federalist Party faded away. In 1831, Jackson appointed Taney as both Attorney General (1831-1833) and acting Secretary of War before naming him Secretary of the Treasury on Sept. 23, 1833. Taney served until June 24, 1834, when his appointment was rejected by the United States Senate. In 1836, after a political change in the makeup of the Senate, Jackson appointed Taney as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Taney served until his death in 1864. He is chiefly remembered for his decision in the Dred Scott case (1857), which stated that slaves were not citizens and that Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in territories. Lightly toned, soiled and creased. Show-through from document touches signature on docket. Handwriting, but not signature, is lightly smeared in places, but legible. Missing top right corner. Rounded top left and bottom right corner. Lightly discolored left edge and top right corner. Irregular top, right and bottom edges. Folded seven times; comes folded thrice. Lightly torn on right and left edges along folds. Otherwise in fine condition.
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