CHIEF JUSTICE ROGER B. TANEY - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT TWICE SIGNED - HFSID 168356
Sale Price $467.50
ROGER BROOKE TANEY
Deposition written and signed by Robert Brooke Taney regarding a $200 civil suit, signed when he was a Maryland attorney
Autograph document signed "R B. Taney" at bottom of document and "R B. Taney" on docket. Black ink notations on docket in unknown hand. 1 page, 8x13¼, docketed on verso. Frederick County, Maryland. This deposition is from a suit that Henry Sudy, evidently a farmer, brought against George Backenbaugh. Sudy, whom Taney represented, claimed that Backenbaugh destroyed $100 in "grass, oasts, rice and wheat" on July 1, 1812 and demanded $200 in damages. Taney wrote and signed while he was an attorney in Maryland. Taney (1777-1864, born in Calvert County, Maryland) was educated privately before attending Dickinson College, where he graduated first in his class. Taney apprenticed with an Annapolis lawyer for three years and was admitted to the bar in 1799 when he was 22. After two years as a Federalist member of the Maryland House of Delegates,he began his legal career in earnest in Frederick, Maryland. There, he met Anne Phoebe Charlton Key, the sister of Francis Scott Key, whom he married in January of 1806. Taney, who became one of Maryland's leading lawyers, became an avid supporter of Andrew Jackson after the Federalist Party faded away. In 1831, Jackson appointed Taney as both Attorney General (1831-1833) and acting Secretary of War before naming him Secretary of the Treasury on Sept. 23, 1833. Taney served until June 24, 1834, when his appointment was rejected by the United States Senate. In 1836, after a political change in the makeup of the Senate, Jackson appointed Taney as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Taney served until his death in 1864. He is chiefly remembered for his decision in the Dred Scott case (1857), which stated that slaves were not citizens and that Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in territories. Lightly toned, foxed and creased. Show-through touches signature on docket and handwriting. Irregular edges. Right and left edges are lightly discolored. Top and bottom edges are lightly rippled. Folded thrice and unfolded. Light tears in right and left edges along folds. Otherwise in fine condition.
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