[SALMON P. CHASE]. Carte de Visite, unsigned. Sepiatone, 2½x3½
overall, image 2¼x3¼ (two surfaces). Imprinted on verso: "Published by/E.
& H.T. Anthony./501 Broadway./New York./from Photographic
Negative/in/Brady's/National Portrait Gallery." Windowed to show verso.
Published between 1861-1869 by the Anthonys, who had negotiated an
agreement with famed Civil War photographer Mathew Brady, who was to receive a
percentage from the sale of prints made from his negatives. Salmon Portland
Chase (1808-1873) represented Ohio in the U.S. Senate as a Free-Soil
Democrat from 1849-1855, when he was elected Governor of Ohio (also as a
Free Soil Democrat). Reelected as a Republican in 1857, Chase returned to
the Senate on March 4, 1861, but resigned two days later to become President
Lincoln's Secretary of the Treasury. During his term in the Treasury
Department, Chase financed the Civil War by introducing the nation's
first federal income tax, a national currency and greenbacks - paper money not
backed by gold. A dramatic increase in Treasury personnel led to disagreements
with Lincoln over those appointments and Chase frequently offered to resign.
In February 1864, a group of Radical Republicans proposed Chase for
President. Chase did nothing to stop the movement, but at the June 7-8, 1864
Republican convention, Lincoln was nominated on the first ballot. After
another quarrel with the President three weeks later, Chase once again submitted
his resignation. On June 30, 1864, to Chase's surprise, Lincoln accepted it. In
another surprise move, President Lincoln appointed Chase as Chief Justice of
the U.S. Supreme Court on December 6, 1864. In that position, which he
occupied until his death in 1873, Chase was dedicated to the rights of Black
Americans and supported the Reconstruction Acts. In 1868, his impartial
conduct of President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial angered his
Radical Republican friends. Some Democrats suggested Chase as their 1868
presidential candidate, to no avail. Slightly soiled at lower margin and on
verso. Overall, fine condition. Framed in the Gallery of History style:
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CHIEF JUSTICE SALMON P. CHASE
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