CIVIL WAR - UNION - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED 01/04/1866 - HFSID 251769
Sale Price $198.00
The US Army Provost Marshal' Office in Anderson, South Carolina, details the rules for employment contracts for Freedmen. A fascinating look at how the Army sought to manage the transition from a slave economy.
Autograph Document signed by a Lieutenant in the Provost Marshal's Office (name illegible), 2 pages (front and verso), 7¾x12½. Anderson Court House, South Carolina, 1866 January 4. To Captain W. E. Leighton, in full: "I am unable to find the order you ask for but I will write you the substance of the order. The commander of each Post must appoint two citizens to be associated with him as a board to approve contracts. The two Citizen members to receive (3) three dollars per day for their services, to be paid out of the fund obtained from contracts. A fee of (50 cents) fifty cents will be charged for every freedman named in the contract to the number of ten, and twenty-five (25) cents for every additional freedman, the fee to be paid by the employer. No bills will be paid from the fund thus obtained except for printing contracts - and the pay of the Citizen members of the board, which must be approved by a weekly the Sub-District Commander before being paid. A weekly report of all contracts, the number of freedmen named in the contracts, the amount obtained from the same and a correct copy of each contract must be made to the Sub-District Commander. A Record must be kept in the office of the Date, Name of employer, Employees, from date to date. The contracts should be made in triplicate, one for the employer, one for the employee, and one to be sent to Sub-District Headquarters, which will be sent to Headquarters of the Bureau. Of course you can take an officer instead of a citizen if you have one with you. Respectfully your obedient servant". With the Civil War over, the US had to reconcile the twin goals of restoring the Southern economy and building a place for Freedmen (emancipated slaves) in the new South. This system of contract labor overseen by the US Army for the Freedman's Bureau, was an interesting (if temporary) attempt at a solution. Normal mailing folds. Light surface creases. Corners slightly worn and creased. Slightly toned. Pencil notes (unknown hand) on verso. Otherwise, fine condition.
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