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COLONEL YURI GAGARIN - DOCUMENT SIGNED 06/29/1963 CO-SIGNED BY: MAJOR GENERAL PAVEL POPOVICH, MAJOR GENERAL ANDRIAN NIKOLAYEV, MAJOR GENERAL VALERI BYKOVSKY, MAJOR GENERAL VALENTINA TERESHKOVA, GENERAL GHERMAN TITOV - HFSID 262797

 
COSMONAUTS (1st Six): YURI GAGARIN, ANDRIAN NIKOLAYEV, PAVEL R. POPOVICH and GHERMAN TITOV, VALENTINA TERESHKOVA and VALERY BYKOVSKY
The first six Soviets to travel in space sign this typed schedule of their public appearances for July 1963
Typed Document signed: "Gagarin", "Titov", "Popovich", "Nikolayev", "Tereshkova" and "Bykovski"  in Russian, 1p, 8x11½. Star City, 1963 June 29. Not translated. Schedule for appearances by the cosmonauts in July, including meetings with authors and at different embassies. YURI GAGARIN (1934-1968) was the first person to orbit the Earth, aboard Vostok I on April 12, 1961. He was in training for another mission when the Mig-15 he was piloting crashed in 1968. ANDRIAN NIKOLAYEV (1929-2004), an original Russian cosmonaut, was aboard Vostok 3 (1962) and  Soyuz 9 (1970). On both flights, he set records for the longest time in space, and he made the first broadcast from space (August 1962). He survived an assassination attempt on Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev in 1969. He also married the first woman in space, Valentina Tereshkova, in 1963, although the couple divorced in 1980. PAVEL R. POPOVICH (1930-2009) flew solo aboard Vostok 4 (1962) and was the commander of Soyuz 14 (1974), which occupied the Salyut  space station. He was scheduled for a circumlunar flight but it was cancelled after the success of  Apollo 8 (1968). GHERMAN TITOV (1935-2000), the second Russian in space, was the first to spend more than a day in space. VALENTINA TERESHKOVA (b.1937) was the first woman in space. She was aboard the sixth Soviet mission, Vostok 6, June 16-19, 1963. Tereshkova passed within three miles of Vostok 5, launched June 14th. She orbited the Earth 48 times in her 70 hour and 50 minute flight. Soviet leader Nikita Khruschev presided at Tereshkova's marriage to cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev. Their daughter Elena was the first child born to two space travelers. Tereshkova later served in the Supreme Soviet and made many goodwill visits abroad. In 1963, VALERY BYKOVSKY (b.1934) flew aboard Vostok 5. The mission holds the record for the longest ever flown (five days) by a single astronaut. In 1976, Bykovsky commanded Soyuz 22. The crew spent 21 days in space. In 1978, Sigmund Jaehn became the first East German in space when he and Bykovsky spent a week aboard Salyut 6 performing experiments. Ragged left edge. Otherwise, fine condition.


For more documents by these signers click the names below:

COLONEL YURI GAGARIN   MAJOR GENERAL PAVEL POPOVICH   MAJOR GENERAL ANDRIAN NIKOLAYEV   MAJOR GENERAL VALERI BYKOVSKY   MAJOR GENERAL VALENTINA TERESHKOVA   GENERAL GHERMAN TITOV  


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COLONEL YURI GAGARIN
Born: March 9, 1934 in Klushino / Smolensk Oblast / Russia
Died: March 27, 1968 in Novoselovo / Vladimir Oblast / Russia


Colonel Yuri A. Gagarin was born on a collective farm in a region west of Moscow, Russia on March 9, 1934. His father was a carpenter. Yuri attended the local school for six years and continued his education at vocational and technical schools.

Yuri Gagarin joined the Russian Air Force in 1955 and graduated with honors from the Soviet Air Force Academy in 1957. Soon afterward, he became a military fighter pilot. By 1959, he had been selected for cosmonaut training as part of the first group of USSR cosmonauts.

Yuri Gagarin flew only one space mission. On April 12, 1961 he became the first human to orbit Earth. Gagarin's spacecraft, Vostok 1, circled Earth at a speed of 27,400 kilometers per hour. The flight lasted 108 minutes. At the highest point, Gagarin was about 327 kilometers above Earth.

Once in orbit, Yuri Gagarin had no control over his spacecraft. Vostok's reentry was controlled by a computer program sending radio commands to the space capsule. Although the controls were locked, a key had been placed in a sealed envelope in case an emergency situation made it necessary for Gagarin to take control. As was planned, Cosmonaut Gagarin ejected after reentry into Earth's atmosphere and landed by parachute.

Colonel Yuri Gagarin died on March 27, 1968 when the MiG-15 he was piloting crashed near Moscow. At the time of his death, Yuri Gagarin was in training for a second space mission.




MAJOR GENERAL PAVEL POPOVICH
Born: October 5, 1930 in Uzyn, Kiev Oblast, United Kingdomrainian SSR, USSR
Died: September 29, 2009 in Gurzuf, Crimea, United Kingdomraine


Pavel Romanovich Popovich was the 4th cosmonaut in space, the 6th person in orbit, and the 8th person in space.

He was born in Uzyn, Kiev Oblast of Soviet Union (now Ukraine) to Roman Porfirievich Popovich (a fireman in a sugar factory) and Theodosia Kasyanovna Semyonov. He had two sisters (one older, one younger) and two brothers (both younger).
 
During World War II, the Germans occupied Uzyn, and burned documents including Popovich's birth certificate. After the war, these were restored through witness testimony, and although his mother knew that he was born in 1929, two witnesses insisted that Popovich was born in 1930, and so this became his official year of birth.
 
In 1947, he left vocational school in Bila Tserkva with qualifications as a carpenter. In 1951, Popovich graduated as a construction engineer from a technical school in Magnitogorsk, as well as receiving a pilot's degree.
 
In 1954, he joined the Young Communist League.
 
He was married to Marina Popovich, a retired Soviet Air Force colonel, engineer, and legendary Soviet test pilot who has been outspoken about UFO reality. They had two daughters. They later divorced, and Popovich married Alevtina Oshegova.
 
Popovich was also a keen weight lifter:
 "Service in the Air Force made us strong, both physically and morally. All of us cosmonauts took up sports and PT seriously when we served in the Air Force. I know that Yuri Gagarin was fond of ice hockey. He liked to play goal keeper. Gherman Titov was a gymnastics enthusiast, Andriyan Nikolayev liked skiing, Pavel Popovich went in for weight lifting. I don't think I am wrong when I say that sports became a fixture in the life of the cosmonauts."
He was also a member of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic 6th–11th convocations.
 
After his retirement in 1993, he lived in Moscow.
 
Popovich died in a hospital in Gurzuf where he had been taken following a stroke on 29 September 2009. Brain hemorrhage was cited as the cause of death. He is buried in Moscow.



Film Credits
2002 Out of the Blue (in person), 1997 Strange But True (in person), 1990 Yaoi Jun'ichi UFO shuzai tokuhô dai 3 dan (in person)


MAJOR GENERAL ANDRIAN NIKOLAYEV
Born: September 5, 1929 in Shorshely, Chuvashia, Russia
Died: July 3, 2004 in Cheboksary, Chuvashia, Russia


Andriyan Grigoryevich Nikolayev (5 September 1929 – 3 July 2004) was a Soviet cosmonaut. He was an ethnic Chuvash.

Nikolayev flew on two space flights: Vostok 3 (effectively becoming the third Soviet cosmonaut) and Soyuz 9. His call sign in these flights was Falcon. On both, he set new endurance records for the longest time a human being had remained in orbit. He also served as backup for the Vostok 2 and Soyuz 8 missions. On 22 January 1969, Nikolayev survived an assassination attempt on Leonid Brezhnev, undertaken by a Soviet Army deserter, Viktor Ilyin. He left the cosmonaut corps on 26 January 1982.
 
Nikolayev was also the first person to make a television broadcast from space, in August 1962. Vostok 3 was part the first dual space flight, with Pavel Popovich on Vostok 4.
 
In the early days of space travel, it was usual to place trainee astronauts into isolation chambers to see how long they could last alone. They sat in silence unable to gauge time. Many men cracked. One cosmonaut, Andriyan Nikolayev lasted the longest - four days - and became known as the Iron Man.
 
On 3 November 1963, he married Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to fly in space. They had one daughter, Elena Andriyanovna (now a Doctor of Medicine), before their marriage collapsed. However, it was not until 1982 that they divorced.
 
In 2004, Nikolayev died of a heart attack in Cheboksary, the capital of Chuvashia in Russia.




MAJOR GENERAL VALERI BYKOVSKY
Born: August 2, 1934 in Pavlovsky Posad, Soviet Union

Valery Fyodorovich Bykovsky was born 2 August 1934, Pavlovsky Posad. He is a retired Soviet cosmonaut who flew three manned space mission space flights: Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, and Soyuz 31. He was also backup for Vostok 3 and Soyuz 37.

Bykovsky set a space endurance record when he spent five days in orbit aboard Vostok 5 in 1963. Although this flight duration has long since been surpassed by crews of more than one person, to this day it remains the endurance record for a solo spaceflight.
 
Bykovsky was to have commanded the original Soyuz 2 mission, which was cancelled due to problems with Soyuz 1. After the parachutes failed on that mission, killing Vladimir Komarov, the same problem was found with the Soyuz 2 capsule, which meant if the mission had flown, Bykovsky and his crew would also have been killed.
 
Many of his later years in the space programme were involved with promoting the Intercosmos programme amongst the world's Socialist nations. He retired in 1988 and then spent three years as the Director of the House of Soviet Science and Culture in Berlin.




MAJOR GENERAL VALENTINA TERESHKOVA
Born: March 6, 1937 in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russian SFSR

Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova was born 6 March 1937, is a retired Soviet cosmonaut and the first woman to have flown in space, having been selected from more than four hundred applicants and five finalists to pilot Vostok 6 on 16 June 1963. In order to join the Cosmonaut Corps, Tereshkova was only honorarily inducted into the Soviet Air Force and thus she also became the first civilian to fly in space. During her three-day mission, she performed various tests on herself to collect data on the female body's reaction to spaceflight.
 
Before being recruited as a cosmonaut, Tereshkova was a textile factory assembly worker and an amateur parachutist. After the dissolution of the first group of female cosmonauts in 1969, she became a prominent member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, holding various political offices. She remained politically active following the collapse of the Soviet Union and is still revered as a heroine in post-Soviet Russia.

Film Credits
2011 Love, Hate & Propaganda: The Cold War (Other), 2009 Cosmonaut (Other), 1998 Cold War (Other), 1991 Far from St. Petersburg (Editing), 1991 Far from St. Petersburg (in person), 1973 Wer die Erde liebt (in person), 1972 Valentina Tereshkova (in person), 1963 Geliebt von Millionen (in person)


GENERAL GHERMAN TITOV
Born: September 11, 1935 in Altai Krai, Russian SFSR
Died: September 20, 2000 in Moscow, Russia


Gherman Stepanovich Titov (11 September 1935 – 20 September 2000) was a Soviet cosmonaut who, on 6 August 1961, became the second human to orbit the Earth aboard Vostok 2, preceded by Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1. Titov was the fourth man in space after Gagarin and Americans Alan Shepard and Gus Grissom (the latter two made suborbital voyages).
 
Titov's flight finally proved that humans could live and work in space. He was the first person to orbit the Earth multiple times (a total of 17), to spend more than a day in space, to sleep in orbit and to suffer from space sickness. He was the first to pilot a spaceship personally and he made the first manual photographs from orbit, thus setting a record for modern space photography. A month short of 26 years old at launch, he remains the youngest person to fly in space.
 
In his subsequent life Titov continued to work for the Soviet space program, playing a major role in Spiral project where he trained to become the first pilot of an orbital spaceplane. However, after the death of Yuri Gagarin in a military aircraft accident in 1968 the Soviet government decided it couldn't afford to lose its second cosmonaut, and so Titov's career as test pilot ended.
 
Titov served in the Soviet Air Force and become General-Colonel, and in his final years in post-Soviet Russia he became a Communist politician.

Film Credits
2009 Cosmonaut (Other), 2005 Conquering Space: The Moon and Beyond (Other), 1998 Cold War (in person), 1961 Unser Sandmännchen (in person)


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