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DANIEL D. PRATT - DOCUMENT SIGNED 03/14/1871 CO-SIGNED BY: FREDERICK T. FRELINGHUYSEN, ALEXANDER RAMSEY, JOSEPH R. WEST, GENERAL GEORGE E. SPENCER, JOHN S. BIGBY, GENERAL WILLIAM SPRAGUE, MAJOR GENERAL FRANCIS P. BLAIR JR., ALEXANDER MITCHELL, OLIVER P. MORTON, BENJAMIN F. RICE, GEORGE VICKERS, JAMES R. MCCORMICK, SELUCIUS GARFIELDE, JOSEPH H. TUTHILL, GEORGE H. EAKER - HFSID 284198

Sixteen members sign a subscription list for copies of a speech by Indiana Senator Daniel Pratt. Signers include 2 future Cabinet members (Frelinghuysen and Ramsey), a recent Vice Presidential nominee (Blair), and several others of note.

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42ND CONGRESS (1871-1873): DANIEL PRATT and OTHERS
Sixteen members sign a subscription list for copies of a speech by Indiana Senator Daniel Pratt. Signers include 2 future Cabinet members (Frelinghuysen and Ramsey), a recent Vice Presidential nominee (Blair), and several others of note.
Partly Printed Document signed: "D. D. Pratt", "Alex. Ramsey", "B. F. Rice" (pencil), "Frederick T. Frelinghuysen", "Geo. E. Spencer", "W Sprague", "George Vickers", "O.P. Morton", "F. P. Blair", "J R West", "John S. Bigby", "Jas. R. McCormick", "Selucius Garfielde", "H. E. Havens", "J. H. Tuthill" and "Alex. Mitchell", 1p, 8x12½. In all 16 Congressional signers. Also included is an ANS in pencil: "Rec'd commission/March 17 $1.32 Geo. H. Eaker". Order form for copies of a a speech by D. D. Pratt on "the rights of settlers upon the public lands," delivered in the US Senate on March 14, 1871. Copies to be printed by the Congressional Globe Office. Senator Pratt has ordered 1,500 copies of the speech, while the other signers have ordered between 50 and 200 copies each. The 42nd Congress saw lopsided Republican majorities in both Houses of Congress (55-16 in the Senate and 144-93 in the House), partly a result of southern states still being represented by Republicans who would be out of office soon. Major legislation passed by this Congress included the Civil Rights Act of 1871, allowing civil suits as remedies for civil rights violations (a law which lay dormant after the end of Reconstruction but would be re-discovered by the Courts in the 1960s); the Coinage Act, which demonetized silver and fully established the gold standard (called the "Crime of '73" by Western state mining interests; and the Comstock Act, which banned mail distribution of information on contraception and abortion, deeming it obscene. The 42nd Congress also created Yellowstone National Park. Pratt's speech must not have been a highly partisan one, since legislators of both parties - most from Midwestern states - requested copies. DANIEL DARWIN PRATT (1813-1877) represented Indiana in the US Senate for one term (1871-1877), after which he was appointed Commissioner of Internal Revenue by President Grant. Other noteworthy signers here include two future Cabinet members: FREDERICK T. FREYLINGHUYSEN, a New Jersey Senator who would serve as Secretary of State in the Garfield/Arthur administrations (1881-1885). ALEXANDER RAMSEY (1815-1893) served as Secretary of War under President Hayes (1879-1881). As Governor of Minnesota, he was notorious for his hostility to Native Americans, declaring at one point that the Sioux people must be exterminated or driven from the state. FRANCIS P. BLAIR, Jr. was the son of Francis P. Blair, Sr., intimate advisor to President Jackson who rallied to Lincoln's support in the Civil War; and brother of Montgomery Blair, Lincoln's Postmaster General. Francis Blair, Jr. had been the Democratic Vice-Presidential nominee in 1868. WILLIAM SPRAGUE, the "boy Governor" of Rhode Island, fought (ingloriously) with the Union Army at First Manassas (1861). He married Kate Chase, the belle of Washington and daughter of Treasury Secretary and Supreme Court Justice Salmon P. Chase. It was an unhappy marriage, ending in divorce, with Sprague at one point chasing New York Senator Roscoe Conkling off his property after discovering he was having an affair with Kate. OLIVER H. P. MORTON, as Governor of Indiana during the Civil War, had gone further than any other Governor in suppressing dissent, even preventing the Democrat-controlled legislature from meeting and funding the state's war effort without legislative authorization. GEORGE E. SPENCER was representing Alabama in the Senate (1868-1879) as a Republican, after leading a cavalry regiment of pro-Union Alabamans during the Civil War. THE CONGRESSIONAL GLOBE was the predecessor of today's Congressional Record, printing a complete record of Congressional debates and legislation. It served this function from 1833 to 1873, when it was replaced by the Record. Top left corner missing. Right edge chipped. Horizontal folds. Creased and lightly soiled. Ink smudged at various locations. Red pencil note at upper right corner. Overall, fine condition.

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