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DUKE (ARTHUR WELLESLEY) OF WELLINGTON (GREAT BRITIAN) - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 08/22/1820 - HFSID 78511

ARTHUR WELLESLEY, 1ST DUKE OF WELLINGTON British Prime Minister/Commander-in-Chief sends letter to friend, Lady Cecilia, explaining that it is impossible to obtain an Army commission Autograph letter signed: "Wellington" in black ink. 2 pages, front and verso, 4½x7½. London, England. August 22, 1820.

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ARTHUR WELLESLEY, 1ST DUKE OF WELLINGTON
British Prime Minister/Commander-in-Chief sends letter to friend, Lady Cecilia, explaining that it is impossible to obtain an Army commission
Autograph letter signed: "Wellington" in black ink. 2 pages, front and verso, 4½x7½. London, England. August 22, 1820. In full: "My dear Lady Cecilia I have received your letter; and I assure you that you do me justice that I should be happy to avail [illegible] of an appointment of any sort would be agreeable to you. At the present moment it is quite impossible to obtain a commission in the Army without purchase. The [illegible] of the Army has been very longe, and there are many Officers...who it is impossible to bring into the Service again; and there are many young Men who served with me at [illegible] in the late War who have not yet obtained commissions. Under the circumstances you will see [illegible] deceive you were I to tell you that there was any chance of obtaining a Commission for you Son without hindrance...I am highly flattered by your estimation of me. I hope that you are informed herewith...ever yours' most sincerely". Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852) was a British soldier and statesman, and is remembered as one of the most influential figures of the early nineteenth century. A native of Ireland and a member of the Anglo-Irish Ascendancy (English Protestants who resided in Ireland and held significant influence), Wellesley was commissioned as an ensign (equal to a second lieutenant) in 1787 in Ireland, and served as an aide-de-camp to two successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland before he was elected as a Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons. Elevated to a colonel by 1796, Wellesley made a name for himself in the Netherlands and in India in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War's Battle of Seringapatam, after which he was appointed Governor of Seringapatam and Mysore in 1799, as well as promoted to the rank of major-general. After winning a decisive victory over the Martha Confederacy in the Battle of Assaye in 1803, he was made into a general and gained prominence during the Peninsular campaign (1807-1814) during the Napoleon Wars. After a victory against the French in the Battle of Vitoria in 1813, he was promoted to the rank of field marshal (one of the highest ranks in an army). With Napoleon's exile in 1814, Wellesley was granted a dukedom and named ambassador to France. Upon Napoleon's return and the subsequent Hundred Days in 1815, Wellesley (now referred to as the Duke of Wellington) commanded the Allied army which, alongside the Prussian army under their own field marshal Blucher, famously defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. Wellington's battle record is one of history's most exemplary, and he participated in over sixty battles throughout his military career; his famed adaptive defensive style warfare and extensive planning before battles resulted in several victories against numerically superior forces, and his plans and tactics are still studied throughout the world today. The Duke of Wellington turned to politics after the Napoleonic Wars, twice serving as Prime Minister (1828-1830, 1834-1834), most famously overseeing the passage of the Catholic Relief Act of 1829; he remained Commander-in-Chief of the British Army until his death. Normal mailing folds. Slightly worn and soiled. Tape adhesive through middle of letter, slightly stained. Toned. Light surface creases. Otherwise, fine condition.

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