EMPEROR HIROHITO (JAPAN) - DOCUMENT SIGNED 12/21/1965 CO-SIGNED BY: PREMIER EISAKU SATO (JAPAN), ETSUSABURO SHIINA - HFSID 280265
Special Sale Price $8,000.00
EMPEROR HIROHITO, CO-SIGNED BY: EISAKU SATO and SHIINA ETSUSABUROIn this very rare and important 1965 document, Emperor Hirohito notified Bolivian President René Barrientos that he was recalling Japan's ambassador to Bolivia. Also signed by Prime Minister Eisaku Sato and Foreign Minister Shiina Etsusaburo Document signed "Hirohito", "Eisaku Sato" and "Shiina Etsusaburo", with red ink seals. 2 pages, 9¾x13¼, 1 sheet folded, front and verso, on cardstock, with embossed Imperial Seal of Japan at top edge of page 1. With two binder holes at left edge. Dec. 21, 1965. Addressed to René Barrientos, President of Bolivia. In Japanese, partially translated: "The important mission of Mr. Eiji Kawasaki is at an end, the Japanese government having recalled him, whom it had accredited Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary…" Lightly toned. Light impressions on letter (do not touch sigangures). Show-through from seals on page 2. Otherwise in fine condition. Accompanied by: Untranslated Japanese language letter of transmittal. Lightly toned and creased. Irregular right edge. Folded once horizontally and twice vertically, comes folded once. Otherwise in fine condition. This document was sent about a year after Barrientos seized the presidency of Bolivia from Victor Pas Estenssoro in a military coup. We're not sure if Eiji was recalled as a result of the coup or to re-assign him. Ironically enough, the reign of HIROHITO (1901-1989), born Michinomiya Hirohito, Japanese emperor during World War II, was originally designated as "Showa" or "Enlightened Peace". He became emperor in 1926 following the death of his father Taisho. Despite having supreme authority in Japan, he did little more than to ratify the policies of his ministers. Historians debate Hirohito's role in Japan's expansionist policies, which began in 1931 and one of the major causes of World War II. Some say he didn't support Japan's imperialist ambitions but was powerless to stop hawkish officials in the military and government. Others say he was intimately involved in Japan's empire building. However, Hirohito did urge for peace in 1945, when Japan was all but defeated by the United States, and became the first Japanese emperor to be heard on radio when he announced Japan's surrender on Aug. 15, 1945. He also became the first Japanese emperor to repudiate the divinity of Japan's emperors, one of the conditions of surrender. The U. S. forced Japan to become a constitutional monarchy, and the emperor's powers were severely reduced. Apparently, Hirohito adapted fairly well to his postwar status and tried to bring the Japanese people closer to the imperial family. His reign after World War II included numerous public appearances and the publication of his personal and family history. Hirohito's reign, the longest reign of any emperor in Japanese history, ended with his death in 1989; he was succeeded by his eldest son, Tsugu Akihito. SATO (1901-1975) was Prime Minister of Japan and President of the Liberal Democratic Party from December of 1964 to June of 1972. The recipient of the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize, Sato had served in a number of government offices from 1948, when he was named Chief Cabinet Secretary in the second Yoshida Cabinet. After being elected to Japan's House of Representatives in 1949, Sato served in a number of government and party positions, including Secretary General of the Liberal Party (1950-1951, 1953-1954), Minister of Postal Services and Telecommunications (1951-1952), Minister of Finance (1958-1960), Minister of International Trade and Industry (1961-1962) and Minister of State in charge of the 18th Olympic Games (1963-1964). SHIINA (1898-1979) was Japan's Foreign Minister from 1964 to 1966. One of his most important contribution to Japan's foreign policy was the signing of the Treaty on Basic Relations with South Korea on June 22, 1965, which established diplomatic relations between the two countries. Shiina is also famous for issuing an apology to South Korea during the signing of the Treaty on Basic Relations, saying that Korea's treatment as a Japanese colony - a period that included but was not limited to World War II - was "truly regrettable and we are deeply remorseful".
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