ENOLA GAY CREW (PAUL W. TIBBETS) - COLLECTION WITH ENOLA GAY CREW (THEODORE VAN KIRK), ENOLA GAY CREW (JACOB BESER), ENOLA GAY CREW (GEORGE R. CARON), ENOLA GAY CREW (COLONEL THOMAS W. FEREBEE) - HFSID 91563
THE CREW OF THE ENOLA GAY: THE BEGINNING OF THE END OF WORLD WAR II ? ENOLA GAY CREW: PAUL W. TIBBETS, JR., THEODORE VAN KIRK, JACOB BESER, GEORGE CARON and THOMAS FEREBEE. Comprises: (1) Photograph signed: "Jacob Beser". B/w, 9¾x6¾. Fine condition.
Sale Price $2,592.50
THE CREW OF THE ENOLA GAY: THE BEGINNING OF THE END OF WORLD WAR II
ENOLA GAY CREW: PAUL W. TIBBETS, JR., THEODORE VAN KIRK, JACOB BESER, GEORGE CARON and THOMAS FEREBEE. Comprises: (1) Photograph signed: "Jacob Beser". B/w, 9¾x6¾. Fine condition. (2) Photograph signed: "Paul W. Tibbets", "Thomas W. Ferebee/Bombardier", and "Theodore J. Van Kirk/Navigator". B/w, 9¾x7¾ overall, comprises four images 4½x3¾ (one surface). Fine condition. (3) Photograph signed: "George R. Caron/Hiroshima 8-6-45". B/w, 7x9½. Fine condition. Following the defeat of the Axis powers in Europe, Winston Churchill, President Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin met near Potsdam, Germany, to establish peacetime foreign policy. The conference issued the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945, demanding Japan's prompt and unconditional surrender. Although it was clear that Japan was defeated, many of its top diplomatic and military leaders were willing to continue to fight. President Truman had previously given General George Marshall permission for a landing on Kyushu, scheduled for November 1, but both were concerned about potential American casualties. Consequently, when he learned on July 18 that the United States Army Manhattan Engineer District project would have two atomic bombs available for use in late July, Truman gave his permission for their use. Piloting the B-29 Superfortress bomber, named Enola Gay for his mother, U.S. Army Air Force Colonel Paul W. Tibbets Jr. and his crew lifted off Tinian Island at 2:45 a.m. on August 6, 1945. Included in the crew were Tibbets; Major Thomas W. Ferebee, bombardier; Captain Theodore Van Kirk, navigator; Jacob Beser, radar countermeasures observer and Sergeant George R. Caron, tail gunner, all of whom signed these photographs. The payload was Little Boy, a uranium-235 core fissionable atomic bomb weighing 9,000 pounds. It detonated at 8:16 a.m. at 1,890 feet, almost precisely on target; 71,000 were killed or assumed dead, 68,000 injured and 60,000 buildings destroyed. Hiroshima had been the site of an army garrison from which Japanese troops had embarked during the War. The second weapon, called Fat Man, was used on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. It was an implosion bomb using plutonium (Pu-239) and weighed 10,000 pounds. In an air-raid shelter on the grounds of the Imperial Palace the night after Nagasaki was bombed, Emperor Hirohito urged that the terms of surrender be accepted with the stipulation that he be allowed to remain as head of state. His civilian and military advisors endorsed his decision. World War II was at an end. General Douglas MacArthur accepted the formal surrender of Japan from Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu aboard the USS Missouri on September 2, 1945. Three items. Framed in the Gallery of History style: 32¾x22.
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