GAIL BORDEN JR. - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 10/20/1835 - HFSID 171205
GAIL BORDEN, JR. Signed autograph letter showing the future developer of condensed milk's involvement in the Texas Revolution, framed to 37x21 in the Gallery of History style. ALS: "G Borden Jr" as "One of the Comm. & Chr. Pro tem", 1 page, 7½x7½.
Sale Price $2,550.00
GAIL BORDEN, JR.
Signed autograph letter showing the future developer of condensed milk's involvement in the Texas Revolution, framed to 37x21 in the Gallery of History style.
ALS: "G Borden Jr" as "One of the Comm. & Chr. Pro tem", 1 page, 7½x7½. San Felipe de Austin, Texas, 1835 October 20. To "Chr. Council of Texas." In full: "The bearer hereof Ignacio Sanches was employed by the Committee of Safety & Correspondence of this place to carry dispatches to Nacogdoches & which the receipt of Mr. Thorn dated 9th instant will show he delivered and for which services the said Ignacio is yet due Ten dollars which amount the Council will please pay if any funds unappropriated." On the date of this note, likely written to R.R. Royall, President of the General Council of Texas, the first fighting of the Texas Revolution took place at the Battle of Gonzales. A surveyor and topographical mapmaker, Borden, his wife, parents and other family members were pioneers in Stephen Austin's Texas settlement. A month after writing this letter, Borden, who had helped to promote the cause of freedom in his newspaper, "Telegraph and Texas Land Register" (founded with his brother Thomas), attended the San Felipe Council meeting that issued the first draft of the Texas Declaration of Independence, the Texas Declaration of Causes. As Mexican forces under the leadership of Dictator-President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna increased their pressure on settlers, the Texians sent Austin to solicit help from the United States. In his absence, Borden, David Burnet and Sam Houston, among others, organized a provisional government and declared their bid for total independence. Later, when Borden faced a siege upon San Felipe, he was forced to move his newspaper to Houston, where it became the only Texas paper providing news during the war. When Houston became President of the new Republic of Texas, Borden was appointed Collector of the Port of Galveston, where he planned and surveyed the city of Galveston and remained until 1857. Borden, who invented a meat biscuit in 1851, found his greatest success in 1853, when he developed a process to condense milk. He found investors in New York, where he established the New York Condensed Milk Company in 1856, the year he received his patent for his milk product. During the Civil War, the U.S. Army purchased Borden's canned milk for its soldiers. "Eagle Brand" condensed milk became popular with the soldiers' families as well, and was an essential food product by the war's end. In the 1860s, Borden started a plant at Borden, Colorado County, Texas, one of the towns named in his honor. There, he received another patent for his method of preserving cider and other juices and fruits. Today, Borden Inc., is the largest U.S. producer of dairy and pasta products. Folds, vertical fold through the "r" in Borden. Light ink show-through. Tanned, slightly white spotted. Overall, fine condition. Framed in the Gallery of History style: 37½x21.
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