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GENERAL JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 06/04/1861 CO-SIGNED BY: GENERAL PIERRE G.T. BEAUREGARD - HFSID 4445

JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON and PIERRE G.T. BEAUREGARD At the war's beginning, they prosecute their own. Important Autograph Letter Signed: "J.E. Johnston" as Brigadier General with Autograph Endorsement signed: "G.T.B.

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JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON and PIERRE G.T. BEAUREGARD
At the war's beginning, they prosecute their own.
Important Autograph Letter Signed:
"J.E. Johnston" as Brigadier General with Autograph Endorsement signed: "G.T.B." by Beauregard as General, 1p, 8x8½. Headquarters, Harper's Ferry, 1861 June 3-4. Johnston writes to Beauregard. In full: "Your dispatch of the 1st by telegraph was received today. A.H. Herr has been arrested & held to bail. Saturday is appointed for the investigation. Should no investigation be given in the mean time by Beverly Johnson, he will doubtless be released. The prisoner is a resident of this place-the owner of the Mill which supplies us with flour." Beauregard has penciled beneath Johnston's letter, in full: "The charges against Mr. H were to have been supported by Mrs. Bradley Johnston in person, but I am informed that (she) is now in Richmond collecting means for the command of her husband Capt. B.J. now on the Maryland heights near Harper's Ferry &c&c." Beauregard has incorrectly written the Captain's name as "Johnston" instead of "Johnson". Docketed in unknown hand: "Harpers Ferry/June 4th 1861/Relates to Charges against/A.H. Herr/Recd June 8th 1861". Eight weeks earlier, Confederate General PIERRE GUSTAVE TOUTANT BEAUREGARD had fired upon and captured the Union's Fort Sumter, South Carolina, beginning the Civil War. Captain BRADLEY JOHNSON had recruited the 1st Maryland Infantry, which was mustered into Confederate service at his own expense. At the time of this communication, Mrs. Johnson was in Richmond buying supplies for her husband's unit. On June 16th, just eight days after Johnston's letter, Captain Bradley Johnson was made Major. He became Lieutenant Colonel on July 21, 1861 and on March 18, 1862, Colonel. He commanded his regiment in all the battles of General Stonewall Jackson's 1862 valley campaign and in the Seven Days' battles around Richmond. In August 1862, Johnson's regiment was almost annihilated; the surviving soldiers were mustered out and Colonel Johnson was assigned to Jackson's division. Six weeks after this letter was written to Beauregard by General JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON, General Beauregard requested aid to repulse the Union advance into Virginia. He was stationed near Manassas, Virginia with a force of about 22,000 men. Confederate President Jefferson Davis ordered General Johnston to Manassas to aid Beauregard. By July 20th, Johnston's 1400 troops joined 2500 of Jackson's at Manassas. The Battle of First Manassas (known to Northerners as First Bull Run) was fought on July 21, 1861. It was because of Jackson's unit's strong defense that he received the nickname "Stonewall". Beauregard and Johnston, aiding General N.G. Evans' beleaguered troops, were successful in driving Union troops back in defeat. The Confederate victory was observed in person by President Davis. The Union Army reported 460 men lost, 1124 injured and 1312 missing. The Confederates lost 387 men, had 1582 wounded and three missing. The North now realized that the war had begun in earnest. 2 nailhead-size holes, 1 damages 1 word ("(she)") of Beauregard's note, tape repair at right edge of verso, else fine.

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