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HAMILTON FISH - MANUSCRIPT LETTER SIGNED 03/25/1874 - HFSID 27935

HAMILTON FISH As Secretary of State (1874), he signs a manuscript letter regarding the murder of an American minister in Mexico Manuscript LS: "Hamilton Fish" as Grant's Secretary of State, 1¼ pages, 8x10, front and verso. Washington, 1874 March 25.

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HAMILTON FISH
As Secretary of State (1874), he signs a manuscript letter regarding the murder of an American minister in Mexico
Manuscript LS: "Hamilton Fish" as Grant's Secretary of State, 1¼ pages, 8x10, front and verso. Washington, 1874 March 25. To the Reverend George H. Griffin, Milford, Conn. In full: "Your letter of yesterday relative to the murder of the Reverend John L. Stevens in Mexico, has been received. In reply I have to assure you that the proper officers of this government have done and will continue to do whatever may be necessary towards bringing the perpetrators of that crime to justice. It is not usual, however, for this Department to answer inquiries as to what those steps may have been." Written at a time when Mexico was in civil turmoil and religious institutions were falling victim to it. Benito Juarez, a Zapotec Indian, provided in the 1850s the liberal movement in Mexico. The liberals promoted private ownership of land and passed laws to break up the large estates of the Roman Catholic Church and the lands of Indian villages. In 1857, a new Constitution brought back a federal system of government. A civil war ensued and then in the 1860s the French invaded Mexico. In 1864, Mexican conservatives aided by Napoleon III, named Maximilian emperor. Juarez's forces captured and shot Maximilian. The conservative movement dissipated and Juarez returned to lead the Country and the liberals as President from 1867 until his death in 1872. THIS DOCUMENT WAS WRITTEN DURING THAT DISORGANIZED TRANSITION PERIOD. Frequent revolts took place after Juarez's death whereby the conservatives led by Porfirio Diaz overthrew Juarez's successor in 1876. He used the Army to control the people. Hamilton Fish served as Congressman (1843-1845), Governor of New York (1849-1850), U.S. Senator (1851-1857), and Secretary of State (1869-1877). Originally elected as a Whig, he joined the newly formed Republican Party during his term in the Senate. Fish proved a capable Secretary of State, peacefully resolving several thorny international disputes. His son, grandson, and great-grandson, each named Hamilton Fish, represented New York in Congress. Fine condition.

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