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HAROLD C. UREY - TYPESCRIPT SIGNED CIRCA 1972 - HFSID 290464

His ink signature on a postmarked typescript of the Mainau Declaration of Nobel Laureates (1955), a document stating that nuclear weapons require the renunciation of war. Urey had played a significant role in the development of nuclear weapons.

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HAROLD UREY
His ink signature on a postmarked typescript of the Mainau Declaration of Nobel Laureates (1955), a document stating that nuclear weapons require the renunciation of war. Urey had played a significant role in the development of nuclear weapons.
Typescript signed: "Harold C. Urey", 1 page, 8½x11. Text of the Mainau Declaration of Nobel Laureates, originally dated 15 July 1955. Affixed with a United Nations 8-cent stamp advocating nonproliferation of nuclear weapons, postmarked United Nations, New York, February 14, 1972. FIRST DAY OF ISSUE. In this Declaration, whose full text is printed here, the signatories assert that any conflict may escalate into a nuclear war, and that the deterrent effect of these weapons will not be sufficient to assure that they will never be used. The statement concludes: "All nations must come to the decision to renounce force as a final resort of policy. If they are not prepared to do this they will cease to exist." Harold Clayton Urey (1893-1981), then with Columbia University, was awarded the 1934 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his discovery of heavy hydrogen". He contributed to significant advances in the fields of physical chemistry, geochemistry, lunar science and astrochemistry and made key scientific contributions to the development of the atomic bomb during WWII. Urey, who had received his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Berkeley in 1923, taught first at Johns Hopkins before going to Columbia. One of the first faculty members recruited for the staff at the University of California, San Diego, he joined the staff there in 1958. The Mainau Declaration, first circulated by German Nobel prize-winners Otto Hahn and Max Born at a conference of physicists in July 1955, was signed by 70 Nobel laureates, mostly in physics and chemistry, within a year. Top edge toned. Unknown stain near lower margin. Otherwise, fine condition

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