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HENRY CLAY - THIRD PERSON AUTOGRAPH LETTER 07/20/1818 - HFSID 285203

HENRY CLAY Third Person Autograph Letter (1818) to the US Comptroller, alluding to his first dispute with his future bitter rival, Andrew Jackson Third Person Autograph Letter. One page, 8x4½. Lexington (Kentucky), 1818 July 20. To [US Representative Richard] Cutts.

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HENRY CLAY

Third Person Autograph Letter (1818) to the US Comptroller, alluding to his first dispute with his future bitter rival, Andrew Jackson

Third Person Autograph Letter. One page, 8x4½. Lexington (Kentucky), 1818 July 20. To [US Representative Richard] Cutts. In full: "Mr. Clay's compliments to Mr Cutts and he will be much obliged to him to deliver the enclosed packet to Mr Gales or Mr. Seaton. What do you mean at Washington to do with Pensacola? The event of its occupation must be most embarrassing. Mrs. Clay unites with Mr. Clay in respectful compliments to Mrs. Cutts.". Henry Clay (1777-1852) was a member of the US Congress - House and Senate - most of the time over nearly half a century, beginning with his first term in the House (1806) through his death while a Senator, always representing Kentucky. He was Speaker of the House several times, and a very influential voice in the Senate. Clay was President John Quincy Adams' Secretary of State (1825-1829), at a time when that office was still considered a stepping stone to the Presidency. Clay was one of two major party nominees to lose three Presidential elections: 1824, when a 3-way split in the Electoral Vote threw the election to the House of Representatives and Clay convinced his supporters to vote for Adams over Jackson; 1832, when he lost to Jackson; and 1844, when he lost to "dark horse" James K. Polk. (The other three-time loser was Democrat William Jennings Bryan.) Clay was the leader of what became the Whig Party, similar in principles to the future Republican Party except that it attempted to straddle the slavery issue. Clay, himself a slave owner, worked throughout his career to resolve North-South differences by peaceful compromise, brokering the great sectional bargains of 1820 and 1850. The Whig Party did not long outlive Clay, and within a decade of his death the North and South were at war. Henry Clay and Andrew Jackson were bitter rivals, a quarrel fueled by principle as well as by personal ambition. Although the feud intensified as Clay lost two Presidential elections to Jackson and led Congressional opposition to the Democrat's policies, its origins were earlier. Conducting a military campaign against the Seminole Indians in 1818, Jackson's military forces invaded Florida and seized Pensacola from Spain, both without authorization. Jackson, already a national hero for his victory over the British in the Battle of New Orleans (1815), went unpunished, much to Clay's dismay.Richard Cutts of Massachusetts (1777-1845) was a US Representative (1801-1813), Superintendent General of Military Supplies (1813-1817) and Comptroller General of the Treasury (1817-1829). Uniformly brown. Soiled and creased. Tape residue along edges. Top edge ragged. Corners chipped away. 1 notched 2 rips at lower edge.

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