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HORACE GREELEY - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 01/19/1856 - HFSID 286516

HORACE GREELEY ALS to an Illinois man moving to Kansas to support the anti-slavery cause Autograph Letter signed: "Horace Greeley", 4¾x7¼ folded, 9½x7¼ open flat, 2 pages (front and verso). Washington, D.C., 1856 January 19. To James Eames, Clarion, Bureau County, Illinois.

Sale Price $450.00

Reg. $500.00

Condition: lightly creased, otherwise fine condition
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HORACE GREELEY
ALS to an Illinois man moving to Kansas to support the anti-slavery cause
Autograph Letter signed: "Horace Greeley", 4¾x7¼ folded, 9½x7¼ open flat, 2 pages (front and verso). Washington, D.C., 1856 January 19. To James Eames, Clarion, Bureau County, Illinois. In full: "Your views in the main are sound, but you are wrong in censuring the publicity attending the original formation and early efforts of the Emigrant Aid Society. It was then necessary to get the idea before the minds of the people. Now the seed is sown, and we may quietly wait for the result. I trust such emigration as yours will make Kansas free. As to Northern Texas, please address Albert Brisbane, New York, and ask him to give you the address of some person connected with [illegible phrase] social colony in Northern Texas. That will be the spot for your involvement. But do not move that way until you have helped secure Freedom for Kansas. One vertical 1 horizontal fold creases. Otherwise fine condition. Accompanied by envelope to Eames addressed in Greeley's hand. (4¾x2½, toned and lightly creased.) Greeley (1811-1872, born in Amherst, New Hampshire) founded the New York Tribune in 1841 and edited it until his death. His newspaper, competitive in price with the "penny press" but less sensational, was the first to give its writers individual by-lines and the first with a literary and book review department. The Tribune had wide readership and influence, and many of his editorial quips - like "Go West, young man" - became famous. He was steadfast in support of many causes, such as antislavery, temperance, and the rights of labor, but he could be mercurial at times. (His swift reversal of opinion on the secession of the southern states is reflected in two 1861 Tribune editorials: "Go in Peace, Errant Sisters", followed shortly by "On to Richmond.") He served as a Whig in Congress for three months (1848-1849) to fill a vacancy and did not seek reelection. As the Democratic and Liberal Republican parties' presidential nominee in 1872, he was defeated by President Ulysses S. Grant, who was seeking reelection. On Nov. 28, 1872, just 23 days after the election, Greeley, worn out by the grueling campaign, died at the age of 61. In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act applied Senator Stephen Douglas' principle of "popular sovereignty", stipulating that a popular vote would decide whether a territory entered the Union as a slave or free state. The Emigrant Aid Society, cited in this letter, was established to encourage anti-slavery citizens to settle in Kansas before the vote. "Bleeding Kansas" soon erupted into civil war, as pro- and anti-slavery forces rushed to the state. Mr. Eames evidently hoped to aid the free soil cause in Kansas, and then move on to northern Texas, but is cautioned here by Greeley to put the cause of Kansas first. Two items.

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