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JOSEPH-IGNACE GUILLOTIN - MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT SIGNED 07/19/1788 CO-SIGNED BY: JEAN-NICOLAS CORVISART, PIERRE AUGUSTE ADET, PIERRE LOUIS LEZURIER, JEAN-JACQUES LE ROUX DE TILLETS - HFSID 189491

JOSEPH-IGNACE GUILLOTIN, PIERRE LOUIS LEZURIER, JEAN NICOLAS CORVISART, JEAN-JACQUES LES ROUX DES TILLETS, AND PIERRE ADET As a member of a scientific commission (1788), the man the guillotine is named after signed this report alongside four other prominent members of a medical commission.

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JOSEPH-IGNACE GUILLOTIN, PIERRE LOUIS LEZURIER, JEAN NICOLAS CORVISART, JEAN-JACQUES LES ROUX DES TILLETS, AND PIERRE ADET As a member of a scientific commission (1788), the man the guillotine is named after signed this report alongside four other prominent members of a medical commission. Extremely Rare! Autograph Document signed: "Lézurieu", "Guillotin", "Le Roux des Tilles", "Corvisart" and "Adet fils", 2 pages, 7x9. Paris, 1788 July 19. In French, not translated. This detailed medical report signed by five of seven members of a study commission, describes the application of the pyrometer to bathtubs, ensuring that patients take their baths at a constant prescribed temperature. Commission members had personally observed the operation of the device, invented by medical doctor Le Sieur Bonnemain to treat muscle aches and pains. The reports attest to successful regulation of heat in bathtubs at 22, 26 and 30 degrees Celsius [71.6-86 Fahrenheit). The year after he signed this report, JOSEPH-IGNACE GUILLOTIN (1738-1814), a physician and member of the National Assembly, recommended the use of a beheading machine as a humane form of execution. (Ironically, Guillotin opposed capital punishment, and saw the machine as a lesser evil.) His comment in the National Assembly that "I cut off your head in the twinkling of an eye, and you never feel it," became an immediate public joke, and Guillotin's name was inevitably attached to the device. French King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette were guillotined in 1793. However, contrary to legend, Guillotin was not guillotined. Although imprisoned during the Reign of Terror, he was subsequently released and died of natural causes. PIERRE LOUIS LEZURIER (ca. 1730-1800), head of the commission, was a prominent merchant and judge-consul. His son, Louis Genevieve Lezurier, was made a baron by Napoleon, but voted in 1814 to depose the Emperor. PIERRE AUGUSTE ADET, FIS (Jr.) (1763-1834) trained as a chemist, preferred politics and diplomacy. In October 1794, he was named French Minister to the United States. Arriving in 1795, he openly opposed President Washington's efforts to improve relations with Britain and worked to prevent Vice President Adams' election as President. He plotted to detach the southern states from the U.S. and merge them into a greater Louisiana controlled by France. He was recalled by the French government in November 1796. JEAN-NICOLAS CORVISART (1755-1821), a French cardiologist and translator of German medical treatises, became Napoleon's personal physician in 1804. He followed Napoleon into exile on St. Helena, continuing to attend to him there. JEAN-JACQUES LES ROUX DES TILLETS (ca. 1749-1832), a professor of chemistry and major contributor to the French Journal of Medicine, later became Dean of the Medical Faculty at the University of Paris. He was involved in politics, too, reading the Declaration of Martial Law proclaimed on July 17, 1791. The leaders of the French Revolution, deeply divided on political principles, shared a fervent belief in the potential for scientific improvement, as evidenced by this special commission appointed to assess a bathtub heat regulator. Medical documents signed by Dr. Guillotin are rarely encountered and extremely desirable. Frayed at side and lower edges. Ink show-through. Otherwise, fine condition.

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