KING CHARLES II (GREAT BRITAIN) - DOCUMENT SIGNED 07/01/1678 - HFSID 51614
Sale Price $1,912.50
KING CHARLES II
Order signed "Charles R" to negotiate a "general peace" in 1678
Manuscript document signed "Charles R". 2 pages (1 sheet folded, front and verso), 7½x11½, with 1¾-inch paper seal attached to upper left corner. Addressed to "our mt. fondly and well-loved Councellor Heneage Ld. Finch Ld. Chancellor of England". July 1, 1678. This is an order by Charles II to affix the great seal to three "instruments" containing powers authorizing William Temple to negotiate with "the United Netherlands, with the Emperour, the King of Spaine Elector of Brandenbourg, & dukes of Lunenbourg & such other primes" for the "obtaining of a general peace" to preserve the Spanish Netherlands and "for the inducing & obliging the two neighbouring kings now in Warre to make a peace". This is possibly related to the Treaty of Nijmegen, which ended the six-year Franco-Dutch War (1672-1678). This document is signed "in the 30th year of our reigne". Charles II had only been king for 18 years in 1678. It was, however, almost 30 years from the death ofhis father at the hands of Oliver Cromwell and Parliament in 1649.King Charles II was driven from England by Oliver Cromwell in 1651, following the campaign of the latter in Scotland during that year. He escaped to France, making his headquarters in that country. Various plots for the assassination of Cromwell failed, and in 1654, the Lord Protector, by negotiations with France, drove Charles into Germany. From there he was able to make a treaty with Spain in 1656, which allowed him to reside in Brussels. Cromwell's death in 1658 did not immediately alter Charles' position, and in September 1659, two months after the date of this document, he journeyed to Southern France in a futile attempt to unite French and Spanish crowns in an expedition against England. Charles II was again proclaimed King in 1660. Lightly toned, soiled, stained and creased. Letter has been folded three times horizontally and unfolded. Seal is slightly wormed and has corners folded inward. Folds are tanned. Otherwise in fine condition.
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