KING CHARLES II (GREAT BRITAIN) - MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT SIGNED 5/15/1684 CO-SIGNED BY: SIDNEY GODOLPHIN - HFSID 257084
Sale Price $1,912.50
KING CHARLES II and SIDNEY GODOLPHIN
Signed document as King of England, addressed to a German prince.
Manuscript DS: "Carolus R" as King of England, 2 pages, 7x11½. Whitehall Palace, 1684 May 15. In Latin with English translation. To the Elector Palatino Rheni. Countersigned: "S. Godolphin" as Secretary of State. In part: "David Peucker, the bearer hereof, who as secretary of your Electoral Highness has been resident for some time in our Court, has handed us your letters written on the 19th day of April last past, by which you signify that you have recalled your said secretary to you. We therefore willingly give him leave to go, since your Electoral Highness has so seen fit, and because of that stringent necessity which intercedes for us with the most serene House of the Palatinate, we desire that all offices of sincere friendship may be mutually exercised...." KING CHARLES II returned from exile to succeed his father, Charles I, in 1660 after the death of Oliver Cromwell and a military coup that overthrew Richard Cromwell. His reign, known as the Restoration, was a lively, some said hedonistic era, a reaction against the strict Puritanism it replaced. Charles' pro-Roman Catholic foreign policy reflecting his own sympathies, made him distrusted, but he was much more tolerant in religious matters than his parliaments. He dissolved Parliament in 1679, ruling autocratically until his death on February 6, 1685. SIDNEY GODOLPHIN later served King William III and Queen Anne as Lord High Treasurer (1700-1701, 1702-1710) and helped negotiate the union of Scotland with England. The Palatinate of the Rhine was a German realm, part of the Holy Roman Empire. The counts who ruled the Palatinate were from 1356 designated Prince Electors, meaning that they had a formal vote in election of the Holy Roman Emperor. Coincidentally, the Prince Elector who received this letter was also named Charles II, and he died in the same year as the English King. Folds, 1 horizontal fold at the King's signature. Integral leaf bearing docket is torn on 2 edges from opening at seal, which is partially present. Fine, clean condition, remarkable for its age.
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