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KING GEORGE III (GREAT BRITAIN) - MILITARY APPOINTMENT SIGNED 05/21/1788 CO-SIGNED BY: VISCOUNT (THOMAS TOWNSHEND) SYDNEY - HFSID 112438

KING GEORGE III of the UNITED KINGDOM and THOMAS TOWNSHEND The British King and his Home Secretary, the Viscount Sydney, sign military appointment appointing Edward John Astley to a captainship Military appointment signed: "George R[ex]" meaning "King George" and "Sydney" in brown ink. 1 page, 16x12.

Sale Price $1,360.00

Reg. $1,600.00

Condition: slightly soiled, otherwise fine condition
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KING GEORGE III of the UNITED KINGDOM and THOMAS TOWNSHEND
The British King and his Home Secretary, the Viscount Sydney, sign military appointment appointing Edward John Astley to a captainship
Military appointment signed: "George R[ex]" meaning "King George" and "Sydney" in brown ink. 1 page, 16x12. White embossed wafer seal affixed on beneath the King's signature as well as a blue paper seal. May 21, 1788. St. James Court, London, England. In full: "George the Third, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith & c. To Our Trusty and Welbeloved (sic) Edward John Astley Esqr. Greeting: We reposing especial these Presents, Constitute and Appoint you to be Captain of that Company whereof Captain in our First Regiment of Foot Guards, Commanded by our Dearly beloved Brother His Royal Highness General William Duke of Gloucester (K.G.) and to take Rank as Lieutenant Colonel in Our Army You are therefore to take the said company into your Care and SEAL Charge, and duty to Exercise as well the Officers as, Soldiers, thereof in Arms, and to use your best Endeavours to keep them in good Order and Discipline; And We do, hereby Command Them to obey You as their Captain and you are to observe and follow such Orders and Directions from Time to Time, as you shall receive from Us, your Colonel or any other your Superior Officer, according to the Rules and Discipline of War; in pursuance of the James's the Twenty first Day of May 1788 In the Twenty-Eighth Year of Our Reign. By His Majesty's Command". KING GEORGE III of the United Kingdom (1738-1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland until their union on January 1, 1802, after which was named the United Kingdom, and furthermore was Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire), until his promotion as King of Hanover on October 12, 1814. He was the third British monarch from the House of Hanover, but unlike his Hanoverian predecessors, he was born in Britain, English was his first language, and he never visited Hanover. George's long tenure as King spanned many military conflicts in Europe and abroad in North America and India: early in his reign Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War which made Britain the dominant European power in North America and India, although many of their colonies were soon lost in the American Revolutionary War. Most notably, King George III led the country against revolutionary and Napoleonic France in 1793, concluding with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. However, George III earned his nickname "Mad King George" when later in his life he suffered from recurrent and eventually permanent mental illness (now believed to have been cause by the blood disease porphyria), and in 1810, after a final relapse, a regency under his son Prince Regent George of Wales (future King George IV) was established. His reputation as a King has never been flattering, in the United States he is often viewed as a tyrant, and in Great Britain he is often used as a scapegoat for the failure of imperialism, but really King George was just a victim of circumstances and illness in an era when the monarchy was continuing to lose political power. Thomas Townshend, the 1st Viscount SYDNEY(1733-1800) was a British politician best known for his important Cabinet positions in the late 18th century, including the President of the Committee on Trade and Foreign Plantations (1784-1786) and the Home Secretary (1782-1783, 1783-1789). It was as Secretary of State that Sydney was given the responsibility to settle convicts at Botany Bay in New South Wales, Australia, later known as Australia's capital city, Sydney, named after Townshend, the "Originator of the Plan of Colonization for New South Wales". Normal mailing folds. Slightly soiled and worn. Edges and corners rounded and creases. Toned. Stained throughout. Otherwise, fine condition.

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