KING GEORGE III (GREAT BRITAIN) - MILITARY APPOINTMENT SIGNED 09/26/1801 CO-SIGNED BY: THOMAS (2ND EARL OF CHICHESTER) PELHAM - HFSID 176401
Sale Price $1,360.00
KING GEORGE III of the UNITED KINGDOM and THOMAS PELHAM
While at war with France, the King and his Home Secretary sign a partly printed vellum document, appointing a lieutenant in the 21st Regiment of Foot (1801).
Partly Printed DS: "George R" as King of England, 1 page, 16x11½. On vellum. Our Court at Saint James's, 1801 September 26. Countersigned: "Pelham" as Home Secretary. Appointment of Alexander Forbes as "Captain Lieutenant to that Company of our Twenty first (Highland) Regiment of Foot Commanded by our Trusty and Well beloved General William Gordon whereof he himself is Captain and to take rank as Captain...". KING GEORGE III of the United Kingdom (1738-1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland until their union on January 1, 1802, after which was named the United Kingdom, and furthermore was Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire), until his promotion as King of Hanover on October 12, 1814. He was the third British monarch from the House of Hanover, but unlike his Hanoverian predecessors, he was born in Britain, English was his first language, and he never visited Hanover. George's long tenure as King spanned many military conflicts in Europe and abroad in North America and India: early in his reign Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War which made Britain the dominant European power in North America and India, although many of their colonies were soon lost in the American Revolutionary War. Most notably, King George III led the country against revolutionary and Napoleonic France in 1793, concluding with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. However, George III earned his nickname "Mad King George" when later in his life he suffered from recurrent and eventually permanent mental illness (now believed to have been cause by the blood disease porphyria), and in 1810, after a final relapse, a regency under his son Prince Regent George of Wales (future King George IV) was established. His reputation as a King has never been flattering, in the United States he is often viewed as a tyrant, and in Great Britain he is often used as a scapegoat for the failure of imperialism, but really King George was just a victim of circumstances and illness in an era when the monarchy was continuing to lose political power. THOMAS PELHAM, 2nd Earl of Chichester (1756-1826) served as Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1783, later representing Carrick in the Irish House of Commons from 1783 to 1790, and Clogher from 1795-1798. He was named Great Britain's Home Secretary in 1801 and held the position for two years before being appointed the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster before succeeding into his father's earldom in 1805. Lastly he held the office of Postmaster General from 1807-1826.Creased with folds. White paper seal at upper left. Double-impression printing in upper left. Nailhead-size hole in lower blank margin. Heavily soiled, small holes in upper right.
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