KING GEORGE III (GREAT BRITAIN) - ROYAL LICENSE SIGNED 05/12/1808 CO-SIGNED BY: PRIME MINISTER ROBERT BANKS (2ND EARL OF LIVERPOOL) JENKINSON - HFSID 43317
Sale Price $1,190.00
KING GEORGE III of the UNITED KINGDOM and ROBERT BANKS JENKINSON
In the midst of the Napoleonic Wars, the King signs a license permitting a British company to import goods from a French port in a neutral vessel (1808), also signed by the Home Secretary Robert B. Jenkins, the Baron Hawesbury
Royal License signed: "George R", 9½X14¾. Also signed: "Hawkesbury" as Home Secretary. Court of St James (London), 1808 May 12. Partly printed document with particulars inserted in ink (unknown hand). Handwritten text italicized hereafter: "George the Third, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, etc. To all Commanders of our Ships of War, and Privateers, and all others whom it may concern, greeting: Whereas, Messers Lindley and Zimmerman, of London, merchants, have humbly represented unto Us, That they are desirous of obtaining Our Royal License for permitting a Neutral Vessel to proceed from Bayonne to the Port of London with a Cargo of such Goods as are allowed by Our Order of November 11, 1807 to be Imported. And that the Master be permitted to receive his Freight, and return with his vessel and crew to any port not blockaded; We taking the premises into our Royal Consideration, are graciously pleased hereby to direct the Commanders of all Our Ships of War and Privateers not to interrupt the said Vessel, but to suffer her to proceed as aforesaid (the name of which Vessel and the name of whose Master to be endorsed on this Our License if put on board the same Vessel, and also a description of the said Vessel. And that the Master be permitted to receive his Freight and return with his Vessel and Crew, without Molestation, to any Port not blockaded. This our License to remain in force for six Months from the date hereof, and at the Expiration of the same Period, or sooner if the voyage be completed, to be deposited (as the case may be) with the Commissioners of our Customs and the Port of London, or with the Collector of the Customs at our Ports. KING GEORGE III (1738-1820), the last King to reign over America, was monarch from 1760 until his death in 1820, although his son, the future King George IV, acted as Regent after George III became permanently deranged in 1811. Britain was almost continuously at war with revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1792 to 1815. Second in importance only to the military campaigns were the trade wars waged by the combatants. Britain blockaded French-controlled ports of continental Europe, and France attempted a counter-blockade. These measures interfered with what the US considered its trading rights as a neutral, almost leading to war with France and contributing greatly to the War of 1812. Britain did permit some exceptions to its blockade and embargo, however, as this document attests. Robert Banks Jenkins (1770-1828), the Home Secretary who has also signed the document, had become Baron Hawkesbury in 1803. In December, 1808, he succeeded his father as the second Earl of Liverpool, signing documents thereafter as "Liverpool." Hawkesbury, a former Foreign Secretary, would be Britain's Prime Minister from 1812 to 1827. Horizontal folds - not affecting signatures. Stained and soiled at crease lines and edges. Corners creased and worn. Minor chips at fold edges. Otherwise, fine condition.
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