KING GEORGE III (GREAT BRITAIN) - ROYAL WARRANT SIGNED 04/21/1801 CO-SIGNED BY: PRIME MINISTER WILLIAM "PORTLAND" CAVENDISH-BENTINCK (GREAT BRITAIN) - HFSID 46015
Sale Price $1,190.00
KING GEORGE III of the UNITED KINGDOM and WILLIAM CAVENDISH-BENTINCK
The King, alongside Britain's Home Secretary, sign a warrant permitting a George Joy to dock in various American ports
Royal Warrant signed: "George R[ex]" meaning "King George" and "Portland" in brown ink. St. James' Court, London, England. April 21, 1801. In part: "To all Commanders of our Ships of War & Privateers and all others whom it may concern, Greeting: Our Will and Pleasure is that you permit George Joy or his agent or the Bearer of his Bills of Lading on board five Neutral Ships (the names of which he is unable to set forth being American Prussian...) to Import without Molestation from the Spanish Ports in America to the Port of London, Liverpool, Portsmouth and Bristol such quantity of Hides Horn Tips...". KING GEORGE III of the United Kingdom (1738-1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland until their union on January 1, 1802, after which was named the United Kingdom, and furthermore was Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire), until his promotion as King of Hanover on October 12, 1814. He was the third British monarch from the House of Hanover, but unlike his Hanoverian predecessors, he was born in Britain, English was his first language, and he never visited Hanover. George's long tenure as King spanned many military conflicts in Europe and abroad in North America and India: early in his reign Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War which made Britain the dominant European power in North America and India, although many of their colonies were soon lost in the American Revolutionary War. Most notably, King George III led the country against revolutionary and Napoleonic France in 1793, concluding with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. However, George III earned his nickname "Mad King George" when later in his life he suffered from recurrent and eventually permanent mental illness (now believed to have been cause by the blood disease porphyria), and in 1810, after a final relapse, a regency under his son Prince Regent George of Wales (future King George IV) was established. His reputation as a King has never been flattering, in the United States he is often viewed as a tyrant, and in Great Britain he is often used as a scapegoat for the failure of imperialism, but really King George was just a victim of circumstances and illness in an era when the monarchy was continuing to lose political power. WILLIAM CAVENDISH-BENTINCK (1738-1809), the 3rd Duke of Portland, served as the Prime Minister of Great Britain (1783, 1807-1809), Home Secretary (1794-1801) and Lord President of the Council (1801-1805). Creased. Soiled. Stained, not at signatures. Folds, not at signatures. Printed caption and printed seal of Portland affixed at lower right of second page. Otherwise, fine condition.
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