KING GEORGE III (GREAT BRITAIN) - ROYAL WARRANT SIGNED 09/03/1801 CO-SIGNED BY: PRIME MINISTER ROBERT BANKS (2ND EARL OF LIVERPOOL) JENKINSON - HFSID 57272
Sale Price $1,190.00
GEORGE III of the UNITED KINGDOM and ROBERT BANKS JENKINSON
This 1801 document, bound with red thread and signed by George, named the secretary to the United Kingdom's legation in the court of Lisbon
Royal warrant signed: "George R[ex]" meaning "King George" and "Hawkesbury" in brown ink. 5 pages, 7¾x12 folded, bounded together with red threaded spine. Paper seal of King George III in upper left corner of first page. September 3, 1801. English script in full: "Our will in pleasure is that you forthwith cause Our Great seal of Our United Kingdom of Great Britian and Ireland to be affixed to an Instrument bearing date with these Present containing Our Commission constituting and approving Our Trusty and Welbeloved Bartholomew Frere Esquire, to be Secretary to Our Legation to the Court of Lisbon _ And for so doing, this shall be your warrant." Latin script untranslated. KING GEORGE III of the United Kingdom (1738-1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland until their union on January 1, 1802, after which was named the United Kingdom, and furthermore was Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire), until his promotion as King of Hanover on October 12, 1814. He was the third British monarch from the House of Hanover, but unlike his Hanoverian predecessors, he was born in Britain, English was his first language, and he never visited Hanover. George's long tenure as King spanned many military conflicts in Europe and abroad in North America and India: early in his reign Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War which made Britain the dominant European power in North America and India, although many of their colonies were soon lost in the American Revolutionary War. Most notably, King George III led the country against revolutionary and Napoleonic France in 1793, concluding with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. However, George III earned his nickname "Mad King George" when later in his life he suffered from recurrent and eventually permanent mental illness (now believed to have been cause by the blood disease porphyria), and in 1810, after a final relapse, a regency under his son Prince Regent George of Wales (future King George IV) was established. His reputation as a King has never been flattering, in the United States he is often viewed as a tyrant, and in Great Britain he is often used as a scapegoat for the failure of imperialism, but really King George was just a victim of circumstances and illness in an era when the monarchy was continuing to lose political power. ROBERT B. JENKINSON (1770-1828) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom longer than anyone since the unification with Ireland, serving in that office from 1812 to 1827. A Tory who had been elected to the House of Commons in 1790, but had to wait until the following year to attain the minimum age to attend sessions, he served as Home Secretary, Foreign Secretary, and Secretary of State for War and Colonies before becoming P. M. When his father, Charles Jenkinson, a close advisor of King George III, became the First Earl of Liverpool in 1796, Jenkinson earned the honorific title of Lord Hawkesbury. Upon his father's death in 1803, Jenkinson inherited the earldom, moving from Commons to the House of Lords. As Prime Minister, Jenkinson oversaw the War of 1812 with the US, the victorious conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna. A conservative, Jenkinson, now Earl of Liverpool, adopted repressive measures to curb the unrest accompanying the economic slump following the end of the wars, and the demands for broader male suffrage. Normal mailing folds. Toned. Corners and edges slightly worn and soiled. Small stains throughout. Indention on all pages from seal. Otherwise, fine condition.
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