KING LOUIS XVIII (FRANCE) - MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT SIGNED 08/17/1815 CO-SIGNED BY: PRIME MINISTER CHARLES MAURICE DE TALLEYRAND-PERIGORD - HFSID 257977
Sale Price $1,020.00
KING LOUIS XVIII and PRINCE de TALLEYRANDManuscript document signed by the King and his Prime Minister in 1815 Manuscript Document Signed: "Louis" as King of France and "le pr de Talleyrand". 1p, 6x6¼. Tuileries, August 17, 1815.A listing of counts and marquis.KING LOUIS XVIII (1755-1824), the brother of guillotined King Louis XVI, fled France during the Revolution, declared himself Regent for his nephew Louis XVII in 1793, and pronounced himself King when Louis XVII died in prison in 1795. He would always date the beginning of his reign from 1795, but he did not actually rule France until Napoleon's downfall (1814, and again in 1815 after the Hundred Days of Napoleon's return). CHARLES MAURICE de TALLEYRAND-PERIGORD (1754-1838), nominally the Bishop of Autun, was elected as a clerical member of the Estates General in 1789. As a deputy in the National Assembly in the following year, he helped write the Declaration of the Rights of Man. Talleyrand fled France during the Terror, returning in 1796. Ingratiating himself to Napoleon, he became Foreign Minister in 1799, but played a double game, negotiating on Napoleon's behalf while secretly receiving payments from France's enemies. The disenchanted Napoleon publicly referred to Talleyrand as "shit in a silk stocking," and he performed no more duties for Napoleon after 1807. After the Restoration, Talleyrand became President of the Provisional Government of France from April 3-14, 1814 and Prime Minister from July 9, 1815 to September 25, 1815. His crowning achievement was at the Congress of Vienna, where he skillfully played upon rivalries among the victors to restore France's equal seat in the diplomacy of the era. However, Talleyrand's revolutionary and Napoleonic connections had earned the hostility of the restored aristocracy, and he was forced to resign his post just 15 days after signing this document. When the Bourbon monarchy was overthrown again by the Orleanist King Louis-Philippe in 1830, the flexible Talleyrand returned to influence as Ambassador to Britain. Talleyrand left some memorable quotes, including "Speech was given to man to disguise his thoughts," and "It's worse than a crime. It's a blunder." 3¼x5¼-inch portion neatly cut out. Folds, not at signatures. Light show-through to front of writing on verso. Toned. Otherwise, fine condition.
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