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KING LOUIS XVIII (FRANCE) - MANUSCRIPT LETTER SIGNED 11/18/1814 - HFSID 54799

KING LOUIS XVIII To King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies upon the death of his wife, Queen Maria Carolina, sister of Marie Antoinette. Black-bordered Manuscript LS: "Louis" as King of France, 1p, 7¼x9. Paris, 1814 October 18. To his cousin, King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.

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KING LOUIS XVIII
To King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies upon the death of his wife, Queen Maria Carolina, sister of Marie Antoinette.
Black-bordered Manuscript LS: "Louis" as King of France, 1p, 7¼x9. Paris, 1814 October 18. To his cousin, King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. In French, fully translated. In full: "On learning of the blow which Providence had struck Your Majesty, I imagined how great was the affliction penetrating his heart, and mine shares it most profoundly. If the tokens of the most tender interest could sweeten such bitterness, I would at the least dare to hope that Your Majesty would find some consolation in the expression of my feelings which, for a long time, have bound me to him with ties that I would ever wish to strengthen and which can leave him no doubt as to the esteem and the immutable friendship with which I am, My Lord, My Brother and Cousin, of Your Majesty, the good Brother and Cousin." On April 6, 1814, Napoleon I abdicated and was sent to Elba. In May 1814, LOUIS XVIII was restored to the throne of France by the Allies. In June 1813, KING FERDINAND IV of Naples resumed control of British occupied Sicily later ruling as King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. Both monarchs pledged constitutional reform but while Louis made an effort to protect the rights of his citizens, Ferdinand's tyrannical and absolutist rule brought on the revolution of 1820. In September 1814, Ferdinand's Queen, Maria Carolina, died of a stroke in Vienna. Marie Antoinette's sister, she was the sister-in-law of his late brother, Louis XVI. As Queen of Naples, Maria Carolina had adopted a pro-British, anti-French policy and joined the Austro-British coalition against France. She waged war on France in 1805 and was forced to flee by the French Army in 1806. In 1811, under British pressure, Ferdinand removed his wife from the Council of State (a member since 1777) and banished her for conduct against the British. She went into exile in Austria, where she died on September 8, 1814. This letter, therefore, was more a formality than to console Ferdinand upon his loss. Two months after his wife's death, Ferdinand married the Duchess of Floridia. With black-bordered separate sheet addressed in French "To My Lord My/Brother and Cousin/The King of the Two/Sicilies". Two black wax seals and black ribbon on address leaf. Black edges slightly nicked. Folds do not touch signature. Fine condition.

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