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KING LOUIS XVIII (FRANCE) - MILITARY APPOINTMENT SIGNED 10/08/1814 CO-SIGNED BY: PIERRE DUPONT DE L'ESTANG - HFSID 81392

KING LOUIS XVIII and PIERRE DuPONT de L'ETANGMilitary appointment signed by the King during the First Restoration and counter-signed by his Minister of War, a former Napoleonic general Military Appointment Signed:

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KING LOUIS XVIII and PIERRE DuPONT de L'ETANGMilitary appointment signed by the King during the First Restoration and counter-signed by his Minister of War, a former Napoleonic general Military Appointment Signed: ""Louis" as King of France and "L'Etang DuPont" as Minister of War, 17x12. Paris, October 8, 1814. Appointment of a Major in a dragoon regiment. KING LOUIS XVIII of France (1755-1824), the grandson of the guillotined Louis XVI and the son of Louis XVII (who died in prison in 1795, unrecognized by the French Republic), lived in exile from 1791 until 1814, when Allied armies restored him to power by defeating Napoleon. He returned to Paris in April 1814, taking up residence in the Tuileries Palace, only to flee the city in March of 1815 when Napoleon, having escaped from his own exile, returned to Paris for the Hundred Days. Defeated again at Waterloo, Napoleon was permanently exiled, and Louis returned to the capital. Intent on restoration of Bourbon power and the privileges of the aristocracy, Louis XVIII did not undo all of the reforms introduced by the Revolution and Napoleon, and tried to restrain the ultra-Royalists who wanted more vengeance upon their defeated foes. Louis actually retained many Napoleonic officers in his service, a perhaps mistaken attempt at reconciliation, since many of them defected to Napoleon during the Hundred Days. Louis reigned until 1824, the last French monarch to die while still on the throne.PIERRE DUPONT DE L'ESTANG(1765-1840)was a Napoleonic general who later on was employed by Louis XVIII in a military capacity. A successful division commander in several campaigns, he was made Napoleon's scapegoat when his untrained army was defeated in Spain. Court martialed and imprisoned by Napoleon, he returned to favor as Louis XVIII's Minister of War (April-December 1814). He remained loyal to the King during the 100 Days, and sat in the French legislature from 1815 to 1830. Multiple folds. Toned and creased. Paper seal near bottom left edge. Heavily stained at lower edge. Corners worn and creased. Pencil marks in an unknown hand. Otherwise, fine condition.

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