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KING PHILIP III, FRANCISCO GONZALES DE HEREDIA, GONZALO GUIRAL and JUAN GUTIERREZ This is a historical joyous document in which King Philip III of Spain orders to give the robe and insignia of the religious

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This is a historical joyous document in which King Philip III of Spain orders to give the robe and insignia of the religious order of Saint Benedict to Don Diego Lopez de Moretta after a one year probation period, because he had a strong desire to be part of it and all the virtues required to become a Benedictine friar
Document Signed: "Yo El Rey", "I, Francisco Gonzalez de Heredia", "Gonzalo Guiral" and "Juan Gutierrez" in iron gall ink. 12x8¼. Four pages. Fully Translated in English: "File 11, number 69. Royal Mandate in favor of Diego Lopez Moreta: Regarding the favor done to the Friar, of religious robe from Alcantara. File 25, number 11. Royal Mandate dated in Madrid on December 30, 1606 countersigned by Francisco Gonzalez de Heredia, Secretary of His Majesty through which he favored Don Diego Lopez de Moretta to be friar of the religious robe from Alcantara. Don Philip, by the grace of God King of Castilla, of Leon, of Aragon, of the two Sicilias, of Jerusalem, of Portugal, of Navarra, of Granada, of Toledo, of Valencia, of Mallorca, of Seville, of Sardinia, of Cordova, of Corcega, of Murcia, of Jaen, Earl of Flanders and Tirol, Sir of Biscay and Molina, Administrator Father Superior of the religious order and cavalry of Alcantara .The reverend and devotee Father Superior or Sub-Superior of the convent of such religious order Diego Lopez de Moreta, who is native from Bonilla de la Sierra, begs you for your authorization. He has told me about his purpose and volition to be friar of the Order of Ancantara and to live in observance and single rule and discipline of the religious order for the devotion he has to Sir Saint Benito and to that religious order, begging me to mandate to admit him and give him the religious robe and insignia of it or whatever was necessary. So I, abiding his devotion, merits and good mores and also because there was proof that Diego Lopez de Moretta has all the qualities that the religious order requires to give its robe. So, in my name and using my authority I order you to give him in that convent the religious robe with all the usual blessings and solemnities, and I order Diego Lopez de Moretta to fulfill with his one year probation period depending of the religious order and with all the other things the friars do. I order you to send me a list of all his merits and mores before the probation period is over, so I can order his admission to profess as a friar if his qualities correspond to the religious order or order what God allows me to [illegible]. Diego Lopez de Moretta[illegible]. If Diego Lopez de Moretta did not fulfill his responsibilities he would have get [illegible] and pay one hundred ducats in gold to favor charitable actions. Dated in Madrid, December 31, 1606. I, The King/ I, Francisco Gonzalez de Heredia. Secretary of the King Our Lord. I had it written due to his mandate/ I, Friar Gonzalo Guiral Quesada, singer and secretary of this holy convent of Alcantara certify as a true testimony that today, February 27, 1607, friar Diego de Moreta received the robe in this convent with the attendance of all the friars , so granting the request of Friar Diego Lopez de Moreta, I issue the present testimony, being Friar Diego Perero and bachelor Friar Alvaro de Tejeda Osorio and Friar Balatasar De Sequera and all the rest of friars of this convent the witnesses, and I signed it.". Philip III (1578-1621) was born in Madrid to King Philip II of Spain and his fourth wife and niece Anna, who was the daughter of the Emperor Maximilian II and Maria of Spain, so he was a member of the House of Habsburg. After the painful death of his father, Philip ascended the throne of Spain in 1598 (Philip III in Castile, Philip II in Aragon and Filipe II in Portugal). Even though he is still known in Spain as "Philip the Pious", his political reputation overseas is not positive. Specially, King Philip's reliance on his corrupt chief minister, the Duke of Lerma, caused much criticism at the time and afterwards. King Philip II married his cousin Margaret of Austria in 1599, who was the sister of the future Emperor Ferdinand II and one of the three women at Philip's court who would have considerable influence over him. Margaret was seen by contemporaries as extremely pious and very influenced by the Church, very astute and skillful in her political dealings but melancholic and unhappy over the influence of the Duke of Lerma over her husband at court. Queen Margaret continued to fight an ongoing battle with Lerma for influence up until her death in 1611. Her relationship with her husband is said to have been close and affectionate, the King paid her more attention after she gave birth a son in 1605. The Queen, alongside Philip's aunt Empress Maria, who was the Austrian representative to the Spanish court, and Margaret of the Cross, who was Maria's daughter, formed a powerful uncompromising catholic and pro-Austrian voice within Philip's life. For instance, they were the ones who convinced him to give financial support to Ferdinand from 1600 onwards. However, Philip steadily acquired other religious advisors such as Father Juan de Santa Maria, who was the confessor of Philip's daughter Dona Maria and who contemporaries thought he had an excessive influence over the king at the end of his life, and both he and Luis de Aliaga, who was Philip's own confessor, were credited with influencing the overthrow of Lerma in 1618; also, a favored nun of Queen Margaret called Mariana de San Jose, was criticized for her later influence over the King's actions. Many historians and people in general think that the decline of Spain can be dated to the economic difficulties that set in during the early years of his reign. Nevertheless, he was the ruler of the Spanish Empire at its height and the monarch who achieved a temporary peace with the Dutch(1609-1621) and who took Spain into the Thirty Year's War (1618-1648) thorough a campaign that was very successful in the beginning. Philip died in Madrid on March 31, 1621 and was succeeded by his son Philip IV. Co-signers merit further research. Its silk seal was removed. Creased with multiple mailing folds, vertical fold at the "E" of signature. Separations and holes at folds on signature page repaired with silk on verso, also silk at missing upper right corner (1x¾-inch paper loss). Heavily penned, show through of writing on verso at the descenders of the "Y" and "y". Pinhead-size hole at blank left margin of signature page. Chipped at upper and right edges of signature page, 3x4½-inch paper loss at lower margin of verso of integral leaf. Stained on verso of signature page, light show through at text. Separated pages are lightly creased and soiled. Chipped at edges, lower right blank corners torn away from two pages. Binding holes at lower margin of signature page and blank left margins of other pages. Otherwise, fragile condition.

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