WINFIELD SCOTT. Comprises: (1) ANS: "Winfield Scott", 1p, 5x8. (New York), (1865), Saturday November 25. In full: "The Herald will please insert the accompanying reply to Thos. Picton in the issue of Monday next, & oblige.

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WINFIELD SCOTT. Comprises: (1) ANS: "Winfield Scott", 1p, 5x8. (New York), (1865), Saturday November 25. In full: "The Herald will please insert the accompanying reply to Thos. Picton in the issue of Monday next, & oblige." Beneath Scott's note appears the following, in another hand, concluded on verso: "The Above refers to a communication in the New York Herald of Nov 25, 1865. Headed 'Was Washington a Lieutenant General?' and signed Thomas Picton. The communication of which the above requests an insertion was publi in the hand writing of Lieutenant General Winfield Scott and as published in the New York Herald Nov. 27, 1865, headed 'The Lieutenant Generalship' and signed 'Old Soldier.'" Creased. Folds, light vertical fold touches the "S". Ink smudged on 2 words of lower text. Light show through of ink at upper portion of Scott's writing. Irregular left edge. (2) Remarkable ALS: "Old Soldier" ("Winfield Scott" in text), 4p, 5x8. Anonymously (as "Old Soldier"), 79-year-old Winfield Scott sets the record straight as to his military rank. In full: "For the New York Herald. 'Thomas Picton' a correspondent of the Herald of this morning (November 25) asks - 'Was Washington a lieutenant general?' In 1798, Congress authorized the raising of a provisional army to meet the hostile threats & acts of the French Directory, & created the grade of lieutenant general, with the known wish that the commission might be given to Hamilton; but President Adams having become hostile to Hamilton, tendered it to Washington, who conditionly (sic) accepted & performed many of the duties of a general in chief. Congress, at its next meeting, finding that the Father of his country had accepted a commission one grade below that (full general) he had held thro' out the revolutionary war, was in haste to recreate the higher grade with a proviso that as soon as it should be refilled, the lower place (lieutenant general) should be abolished. But Mr. Adams Congress next met on the 4th (or 6th) of December, & Mr. Adams being a little dilatory in making a nomination, Washington died on the 8 or 10 days later, a lieutenant general, & that grade remains unabolished to this day. 'Thomas Picton' speaks of Grant as our only lieutenant general, full grade, & adds 'that his predecessor, General Scott, holds rank titular, or thro' brevet.' Now, certainly, a lieutenant general is not a 'full general,' nor is a lieutenant colonel a full colonel, whether they hold their respective grades by ordinary or brevet commission, or an officer may be a full general or a full colonel by brevet, as well as by ordinary commission. It Thus it was to guard against a confusion of ideas, on the subject that Congress, in the act under which Grant was made a lieutenant general, inserted this proviso: 'that nothing in this act contained shall be construed, in any way, to affect the rank, pay or allowance of Winfield Scott lieutenant general by brevet.' See Scott's Autobiography. Old Soldier." Pencil note (unknown hand) at upper margin of first page, touching Scott's writing. Ink smudges at lower right margin. Ink stain at lower right edge of second page. Third and fourth pages are yellowed, creased, tattered at edges, chip touches Scott's name in text, shaded at folds, light show through of ink. In the War of 1812, Brigadier General Scott fought at the Battles of Chippewa and Lundy's Lane. During the Mexican War, as General in Chief of the U.S. Army, he captured Vera Cruz, defeated the Mexicans at Cerro Gordo, Contreras, Churubusco, Molino del Rey and Chapultepec, and he occupied Mexico City. In 1852, Scott was the unsuccessful Whig Party candidate for President, losing to Democrat Franklin Pierce. "Old Fuss and Feathers" died at West Point six months after writing this letter, just two weeks short of his 80th birthday. Two items.

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