LUIS de ONIS. Scarce ALS: "Luis de Onis", 1p, 8x12½.
Philadelphia, 1813 January 25. In Spanish, not translated. To Dr. Juan R.
Bernshaw. Luis de Onis (1769-1830) was appointed envoy of Spain to the United
States by the supreme junta of Cadiz, but President Madison refused recognition,
because Napoléon had appointed his brother Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain
(1808-1813). Onis, however, remained in the United States where he was of great
service to his government by communicating events in Spanish America and
transmitting orders to the governors and commanders in those countries. After
the return of King Ferdinand VII to Spain in 1814, Onis applied again for
recognition by the United States and it was finally given in December, 1815.
As Foreign Minister of Spain, Onis and U.S. Secretary of State John Quincy
Adams negotiated the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819, also called the Adams-Onis
Treaty by which Spain sold Florida to the United States for five million
dollars. Spain also gave up its claims to Oregon north of the 42nd parallel.
Lightly creased. Light, 1-inch vertical tape stain at upper margin. Folds to not
touch signature. Minor separations at blank right horizontal folds. Pinhead-size
nick at lower edge. Overall, fine condition.
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LUIS DE ONIS
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