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MAJOR GENERAL CARL SCHURZ - DOCUMENT SIGNED 05/05/1877 CO-SIGNED BY: OTIS P.G. CLARKE - HFSID 285348

As Secretary of the Interior, he signs the pension certificate of a Civil War private. Although not mentioned in this document, the recipient Private Daniel Floyd was awarded the Medal of Honor, only to have it revoked half a century later.

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CARL SCHURZ and OTIS P.G. CLARKEAs Secretary of the Interior, he signs the pension certificate of a Civil War private. Although not mentioned in this document, the recipient Private Daniel Floyd was awarded the Medal of Honor, only to have it revoked half a century later. Document signed: "C. Schurz", 1 page, 7½x10. Also signed: "O.P.G. Clarke" as Acting Commissioner of Pensions. Department of the Interior (Washington), 1877 May 5. Document of the Pension Bureau, Department of the Interior, certifying that Daniel Floyd, a private of Company A of the 27th Maine Volunteer Regiment, is inscribed on the pension list of the Portland [Maine] Agency, to receive $4.00 per month. This being a lifetime pension, no biennial examination was required. Carl Schurz (1829-1906) was a German-born United States politician, military veteran, and publisher. Educated in modern-day Germany, he moved to the United States in 1852 after the 1848 revolution in Germany failed. At the time, Germany was still a loose confederation of dozens of small states, and the revolution sought to establish a single state. While the revolution failed, Germany as a nation coalesced just a few decades later in 1871. Schurz settled in Wisconsin in 1855 and became active in the anti-slavery movement, joining the Republican Party. In 1861, Lincoln appointed him the United States Ambassador to Spain. This foreign relations position was especially important: Schurz was sent to Spain to dissuade them from supporting the South. Upon his return, he was commissioned brigadier general of the Union volunteers and saw action at Second Bull Run, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. In 1865, President Andrew Johnson sent him to report on conditions in the South, a report that was largely ignored. On March 4, 1869, Schurz became the first German-born American to be elected to the U.S. Senate, where he represented Missouri until 1875. He decided not to run for reelection. Two years later, he was nominated to be Secretary of the Interior under President Hayes from 1877-1881. Schurz was a champion for Indian rights, fighting to keep the Office of Indian Affairs in the Department of Interior and not the War Department. He moved to New York in 1881 and became editor of the New York Evening Post. A widely published author, he was famous for saying "My country, right or wrong; if right, to be kept right; and if wrong, to be set right." Otis P.G. Clarke (ca. 1830-1888), a Union major in the Civil War, was Deputy Commissioner of Pensions in the Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur administrations.He was promoted to Commissioner (1884-1885) just in time to be raked over the coals by the new Democratic Congress, whose majority believed that the Pension Bureau had shown extreme partisan bias during the 1884 elections, attempting (unsuccessfully) to sway the vote from Democrat Grover Cleveland to Republican James Blaine. Private Floyd has the unusual distinction of earning - and then losing - a Congressional Medal of Honor. With the Battle of Gettysburg looming, about one third of the soldiers of the 27th Maine agreed to stay beyond their scheduled date of discharge in order to defend Washington, D.C. (Another Maine regiment had refused to stay.) A grateful Congress, unable to determine which soldiers had voted to stay, bestowed the Medal on everyone in the outfit. In 1917, Congress revoked this honor, stripping everyone in the 27th of the prestigious award. Medals of Honor are very rarely revoked. Buffalo Bill Cody and Civil War female doctor Mary Walker had their medals revoked - Walker's was restored a century later - but the 20 Medals of Honor awarded for the "Battle of Wounded Knee" still stand. 2 horizontal fold creases. Lightly toned. Ink note in 2 colors. Moisture spot on right edge damping note, affecting note lighting letters not affecting signature. Red ink note bled through on verso. Pencil note (unknown hand) at upper left corner. Adhesive residue on verso. Otherwise, fine condition.

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