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Printed Letter from Dearborn as Secretary of War to the Governor of Maryland, "urging" the Governor to comply with President Jefferson's directive to raise volunteer milita. "The present situation of our Country calls loudly for the Patriotic Exertion of its Citizens."
Printed Letter unsigned, 1p, 8x10. War Department, 1807 August 3. To the Governor of Maryland [Robert Wright]. In part: "I am directed by the President of the United States [Thomas Jefferson], to urge on the Governors of the respective States the importance of encouraging, by all means they possess, such Volunteer Associations as are contemplated and authorized by the act of Congress passed the 24th day of February last, and when organized, to be received as a part of the quota of militia required to be held in readiness at the shortest notice. The present situation of our Country calls loudly for the Patriotic Exertions of its Citizens...." The act signed by President Jefferson was "An act authorizing the President of the United States to accept the service of a number of volunteer companies, not exceeding thirty thousand men". In holograph at the bottom in a scrivener's hand: "Sir, The above you will receive in addition to your Orders from your Obt. Servt." There was tension between England and the United States. In June, two months before this letter was sent, the American ship Chesapeake was fired upon by the British ship Leopard. The Chesapeake was searched and four British deserters (at least two were U.S. citizens) were seized. There were 21 American casualties. The incident inflamed the American public and proved to be the most serious of the period preceding the War of 1812. Commodore James Barron of the Chesapeake was court-martialed and found guilty of negligence in the affair and was suspended for five years. HENRY DEARBORN (1751-1829) distinguished himself as a general in the Revolutionary War, fighting at Bunker Hill and Saratoga and serving on Washington's staff at Yorktown. He was a Congressman from Massachusetts (1793-1797), President Jefferson's Secretary of War (1801-1809), Collector of Customs at Boston, and a general again in the War of 1812 (with less success this time). President Monroe nominated Dearborn again for Secretary of War, the Senate rejected the nomination, and Monroe then named him Minister to Portugal. 1-inch irregular, circular hole from opening of red wax seal at blank left, with light seal transfer at blank right. Creased. Folds.

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Born: February 23, 1751 in North Hampton, New Hampshire
Died: June 6, 1829 in Roxbury, Massachusetts

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