MAJOR GENERAL JOHN A. DIX - AUTOGRAPHED SIGNED CHECK 06/01/1837 CO-SIGNED BY: AZARIAH C. FLAGG, WILLIAM CAMPBELL - HFSID 155771
Sale Price $427.50
GENERAL JOHN ADAMS DIX, CO-SIGNED BY: AZARIAH C. FLAGG and WILLIAM CAMPBELL
1837 check for $200, signed by three commissioners of New York State's Erie Canal Fund, including John A. Dix, President James Buchanan's Secretary of the Treasury in 1861; Azariah C. Flagg, New York State secretary of state and comptroller; and William Campbell, New York State Surveyor General
Check signed "A.C. Flagg", "John A. Dix" and "William Campbell" as commissioners of the Erie Canal Fund. Unknown endorsement on verso. Black and brown ink notations in unknown hand. 6½x5. June 1, 1837. Check no. 285 for $200.00, drawn from the Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank and payable to James Boyd. As President James Buchanan's Secretary of the Treasury (1861), JOHNADAMSDIX (1798-1879) telegraphed this famous order to the American cutter Robert McClelland in the port of New Orleans on Jan. 29, 1861, less than three months before the start of the American Civil War: "If any man attempts to haul down the American Flag, shoot him on the spot". Dix later commanded the Department of Virginia (1862-1863) and the Department of the East (1863-1865). After the Civil War, he was Minister to France (1866-1869) and Governor of New York (1872-1874). The U. S. Army's Fort Dix in New Jersey is named in his honor. Dix was also a New York politician and a member of the state's Canal Commission. His fellow commissioners included AZARIAH C. FLAGG (1790-1873) who was also the Comptroller of the Erie Canal, New York State secretary of state (1826-1832) and comptroller (1834-1839, 1842-1846), and WILLIAM CAMPBELL (c. 1767-1844), who was New York State Surveyor General (1835-1838). Together, the three commissioners signing here were responsible for reducing tolls on the Erie Canal, a move which paid off in increased traffic and increased revenues as well. The Erie Canal, opened in 1825, linked the Hudson River at Albany to Lake Erie at Buffalo, contributing greatly to the settlement of western New York State and linking the farms of the Middle West to markets in the East and in Europe. Lightly toned and creased. Normal cancellation cuts, which touch notations but not signature. Show-through touches signatures and notations. Dix and Flagg's signatures touch. Random ink stains. Folded in half vertically and twice horizontally and unfolded. Neatly torn from binding at left edge. Otherwise in fine condition.
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