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MAJOR GENERAL JOHN C. FREMONT - AUTOGRAPH ENVELOPE SIGNED - HFSID 44664

FRÉMONT HIRES A FOREIGN CAPTAIN TO SPY FOR THE UNION   JOHN C. FRÉMONT. Autograph Envelope signed: "Genl. Frémont.," 5¾x3. No place, no date, but circa 1861.Headed by Frémont: "Immediate". Addressed by Frémont to: "Captain Charles de Arnaud, Room 365.

Sale Price $637.50

Reg. $750.00

Condition: lightly creased, slightly soiled, otherwise fine condition
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FRÉMONT HIRES A FOREIGN CAPTAIN TO SPY FOR THE UNION
 
JOHN C. FRÉMONT.
Autograph Envelope signed: "Genl. Frémont.," 5¾x3. No place, no date, but circa 1861.Headed by Frémont: "Immediate". Addressed by Frémont to: "Captain Charles de Arnaud, Room 365. National Hotel". Major General JOHN C. FRÉMONT (1813-1890) addressed this envelope to Captain CHARLES DE ARNAUD, whom Frémont had hired and personally paid to spy for the Union Army in the early months of the Civil War. While in charge of the Department of the West, Frémont, a California millionaire and former soldier, headquartered in St. Louis commencing in late July 1861. He oversaw newly appointed Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant at Cairo, Illinois until November 1861, when Lincoln removed Frémont from duty for issuing an unauthorized and premature emancipation proclamation. Grant later acknowledged Frémont's adroit use of foreign-born spies behind enemy lines in early war operations, resulting in his successes at Fort Henry and Donelson (February 1862). Arnaud was paid $300 for his secret service work in Tennessee and Kentucky. Later in the Civil War, Fremont was given an impossible mission by Lincoln. Frémont resigned in 1862 after he marched his troops of the Mountain Department 100 miles over the Alleghenies to face Confederate adversary Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson. An investigation justified the Union General's gallant attempt at the unreasonable request. Frémont's division was then placed under General John Pope in Virginia. Disliking Pope and foreseeing problems, Frémont resigned prior to Pope's failure at the Second Manassas (August 1862). In the 1840s, Frémont had gained national recognition for his explorations in the Far West through what is now Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Oregon and California. He made the latter state his home after a biased court-martial (1848), in which he was convicted and removed from a military governorship of California. The gold discoveries of 1849 made Frémont rich, and he wisely invested his newfound wealth in property and mines, accumulating an estate exceeding $10 million by 1855. He became widely known and was nominated for President by the new Republican Party (1956). The politically naïve Frémont lost by a narrow margin to James Buchanan. Later, due to War activities and his lack of presence and management, Frémont lost most of his California property. With his diminishing fortune, he purchased the Memphis & El Paso Railroad with hopes of forging it through the Southwest to San Diego, California. Its subsequent bankruptcy almost completely ruined Frémont financially. He returned to California to live but served for a time as Territorial Governor of Arizona (1878-1883). Frémont, who was restored to the rank of Major General, retired just months before his death in July 1890. Lightly creased. Slightly soiled, stray ink smudges at blank areas. Overall, fine condition. Framed in the Gallery of History style: 33¼x21.

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