MAJOR GENERAL LORENZO THOMAS - AUTOGRAPH ENDORSEMENT DOUBLE SIGNED 12/22/1845 - HFSID 327086
Sale Price $552.50
Signed as acting adjutant general regarding the company of Captain J.W. Washington--descendant of President George Washington. Signed twice.
Autograph endorsement double signed: "L. Thomas", on second page and, "L. Thomas", on third page, in faded black ink, 3 pages, 3½x7¾. December 22, 1845. Three separate sheets to one endorsement for Captain J.W. Washington, a descendant of President George Washington. Signed on pages 2 and 3. Transcription from pages 2 and 3 in full: "Capt. J.W. Washington. Reports the application of Geo: Riley of "E" Compy: 1st Drgns [Dragoons]: to enlist in his company. Respectfully referred to Col. Wolbrick to whom Communications respecting the Regimental Recruiting service should be addressed, he being the Superintendent for the Regiment." and page 3, "The Colonel of the 4th Artillery can do as he pleases with reference to the enlistment of this man for the 4th Artillery, within any condition however, that he is to be assigned to Capt. Washington's company to take a future vacancy it may be proper place him in a company requiring recruits. Lorenzo Thomas (1804-1875), an 1823 graduate of West Point, saw action in the Second Seminole War and served as Chief of Staff to General William O. Butler in the Mexican War. Thomas then became Chief of Staff to General Winfield Scott until the outbreak of the Civil War. In March 1861, he was named Adjutant General, and two months later he was given the rank of Brigadier General. In March 1863, he lost his status (but kept his rank) as Adjutant because of alleged inadequacy and was assigned to organize colored troops in the South. After the war, Thomas was brevetted Major General in recognition of his military service. Thomas played a key role in the battle between Lincoln's successor, Andrew Johnson, and the Congressional Radicals over Reconstruction. When Johnson removed Secretary of War Edward M. Stanton on February 21, 1868, he named Thomas to replace him on an ad interim basis and restored Thomas' Adjutant status. Thomas personally delivered Johnson's dismissal notice to Stanton, who refused to accept its legitimacy - and had Thomas arrested for violating the Tenure of Office Act. Stanton dropped the charges after realizing that Thomas' arrest would lead to the courts reviewing the law, but Johnson's action against Stanton led to the House of Representatives impeaching the President on February 24, 1868. After Johnson was acquitted, Thomas served until the end of his term, retiring in 1869. Toned. Creased. Lightly soiled. Tears at 2nd page in top and lower margins. Pencil notes (unknown hand). Mailing stamps on verso. Otherwise, fine condition.
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