NATHANIEL P. BANKS
Handwritten sentiment from the close of a letter, also showing the
Autograph Sentiment signed: "Yours very truly/N. P. Banks". 5½x1.
Irregularly trimmed from the close of a letter, with the addressee's name
showing (Banks' hand): "B. W. Williams Esq". Soldier and statesman
Nathaniel PrentissBanks (1816-1894, born Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
in Waltham, Massachusetts) was elected to Congress in 1852 as a Democrat, in
1854 as the American Party candidate and in 1856 as a Republican. He served
from 1853 to Dec. 24, 1857 (Speaker of the House, 1855-1857), when he
resigned to become Governor of Massachusetts (1858-1861). Although he
advocated peace, Banks was one of the first to volunteer for the Union
Army, and he was appointed Major General of Volunteers in 1861.
Despite a lack of battlefield expertise, Banks often rallied outnumbered troops.
For a short time in 1862, he was in charge of defenses for Washington, D.
C., and he participated in campaigns at Vicksburg and New Orleans. Banks
returned to Congress at war's end, serving as a Republican from 1865 to
1873, 1875 to 1879 and 1889 to 1891. He also served as a U.S. Marshal
(1879-1888), having been appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes. Adhesive
residue on verso. Toned and creased. Minor ink smears. Otherwise, fine
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MAJOR GENERAL NATHANIEL P. BANKS
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