|MAJOR GENERAL SIGMUND JAHN|
Born: February 13, 1937 in Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, Vogtland, Germany
Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (born 13 February 1937) is a
German pilot, who became the first German to fly in space as part of the Soviet
Union's Interkosmos programme.
Jähn was born in Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, in the Vogtland
district of Saxony, Germany. From 1943 to 1951 he attended school in his
hometown, and after school trained as a printer.
In 1955 he joined
the East German Air Force, where he became a pilot and military scientist. From
1966 until 1970 he studied at the Gagarin Air Force Academy in Monino, in the
Soviet Union, and afterwards worked in the administration of the East German air
force, responsible for pilot education and flight safety.
Jähn was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on 3
September 1978. In 1983 he received a doctorate in physics at the
"Zentralinstitut für Physik der Erde" in Potsdam, specialising in remote sensing
of the earth.
Starting in 1990, after German reunification, he
worked as a freelance consultant for the formerly West German spaceflight agency
German Aerospace Center (DLR), and from 1993 also for the European Space Agency
(ESA) to prepare for the Euromir missions. In 2002 he finally retired from this
Jähn is married and has two children. He lives in Strausberg
and he enjoys reading and hunting.
Asteroid 17737 was named
"Sigmundjähn" in 2001.
2009 Riverboat - Die MDR-Talkshow aus Leipzig (in person), 2009 Die Fliegerkosmonauten (in person), 2009 Danke für die Träume! (in person), 2005 Sandmann - Historien om en sosialistisk supermann (in person), 2003 Good Bye Lenin! (Other), 1991 Our Planet Earth (in person), 1978 Unser Sandmännchen (in person)
MAJOR GENERAL VALERI BYKOVSKY
Born: August 2, 1934 in Pavlovsky Posad, Soviet Union
Valery Fyodorovich Bykovsky was born 2 August 1934, Pavlovsky Posad. He is a
retired Soviet cosmonaut who flew three manned space mission space flights:
Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, and Soyuz 31. He was also backup for Vostok 3 and Soyuz
Bykovsky set a space endurance record when he spent five days in orbit aboard
Vostok 5 in 1963. Although this flight duration has long since been surpassed by
crews of more than one person, to this day it remains the endurance record for a
Bykovsky was to have commanded the original Soyuz
2 mission, which was cancelled due to problems with Soyuz 1. After the
parachutes failed on that mission, killing Vladimir Komarov, the same problem
was found with the Soyuz 2 capsule, which meant if the mission had flown,
Bykovsky and his crew would also have been killed.
Many of his
later years in the space programme were involved with promoting the Intercosmos
programme amongst the world's Socialist nations. He retired in 1988 and then
spent three years as the Director of the House of Soviet Science and Culture in