MARIE-CLAUDE VAILLANT-COUTURIER - AUTOGRAPH 09/11/1946 - HFSID 46769
MARIE-CLAUDE VAILLANT-COUTURIER WWII French Resistance member signs name in blue ink underneath printed photograph on 3½x5½ card Signature: "MC VaillantCouturier" in blue ink. 3½x5½, affixed with a printed photograph of the Frenchwoman. Buenos Aires, Argentina. September 11, 1946.
Sale Price $153.00
WWII French Resistance member signs name in blue ink underneath printed photograph on 3½x5½ card
Signature: "MC VaillantCouturier" in blue ink. 3½x5½, affixed with a printed photograph of the Frenchwoman. Buenos Aires, Argentina. September 11, 1946. Marie-Claude Vaillant-Couturier (1912-1996) was best known for her work during World War II as a member of the French Resistance against the Nazi invaders. Born to a family of editors and photographers, Vaillant-Couturier worked as a photojournalist before the war, unique for a woman, and married the founder of the Republican Association of Ex-servicemen, Paul Vaillant-Courturier, a communist who mysteriously disappeared in 1937. She famously made an investigation into Germany's rise of Nazism and reported on the stereotypes of the concentration camps of Oranienburg and Dachau before the magazine she worked for was prohibited in 1939 due to the Hitler-Stalin Pact. After the German conquest of France in 1940, Vaillant-Couturier joined the famous French Resistance and worked handing out pamphlets explaining what exactly the Nazi's were promoting and pursuing such as Georges Politzer's Sang et Or (Blood or Gold) which described the horrible theories of Nazi Alfred Rosenberg. She was caught in a trap in 1942 alongside many Resistance companions, and although most were shot at Fort Mont-Valerien, she was interned and sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau were she witnessed first-hand the genocide of the Jews and Gypsies and were she remained until freed by the Red Army in 1945. After the war Vaillant-Couturier worked as a nurse and entered politics; she sat successively on at the Provisional Consultative Assembly, the two Constituent Assemblies and was elected to Parliament under the French Communist Party, eventually serving as vice-president of the French National Assembly twice (1956-1958). She spent the rest of her life telling the stories and experiences she gained from the war, as well as fought for women's rights and for communist ideals. Toned. Corners and edges rounded. Worn and soiled. Newspaper clipping affixed on verso. Otherwise, fine condition.
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