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MARQUIS GILBERT du MOTIER de LAFAYETTE - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 02/20/1829 - HFSID 262935

MARQUIS GILBERT de LaFAYETTE The year before his participation in the French revolution of 1830, this friend of the American Revolution writes to an Italian general plotting to achieve Italy's independence. Autograph Letter signed: "Lafeyette", 2 pages (front and verso) with integral address leaf bearing a red wax seal.

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MARQUIS GILBERT de LaFAYETTE
The year before his participation in the French revolution of 1830, this friend of the American Revolution writes to an Italian general plotting to achieve Italy's independence.
Autograph Letter signed: "Lafeyette", 2 pages (front and verso) with integral address leaf bearing a red wax seal. Paris, 1829 February 20. To General [Guglielmo] Pepe in Brussels. In French, untranslated. Lafayette writes that he has just received General Pepe's letter by way M. Engler, and has introduced Engler to Portalis, the Foreign Minister, so that he can give a full account of Pepe's activities. He ends by expressing his full support for the success of the Neapolitan Revolution, despite the efforts of Metternich. Gilbert Motier LaFAYETTE (1757-1834) resigned from the French Army in 1776 to join the Revolutionary forces in America, where he was commissioned Major General and joined the staff of George Washington. In 1779, he returned to France, where he received a hero's welcome. In 1780, Lafayette returned to America to fight with the American forces, playing a crucial role in the final victory of 1781 at Yorktown. Lafayette returned to France in 1782, devoting himself to the promotion of America's interests while remaining active in French political life. He revisited the U.S. in 1784 and again in 1824. In 1789, he became the Commander of the National Guard of France and commanded the army at Metz in the war with Austria in 1791. Opposing further advance of the Jacobin party in 1792, he was declared a traitor by the National Assembly and fled the country. Lafayette was imprisoned by the Austrians (1792-1797) and returned to France in 1799. Opposed to Napoléon's policies, he took no part in politics. In the revolution of 1830, Lafayette was made Commander in Chief of the National Guard and was instrumental in placing Louis Philippe on the throne. He remained a member of the Chamber of Deputies until his death. LaFayette was a strong champion of Italian independence as well, at a time when much of Italy was still controlled by the Austrian Empire. GUGLIELMO PEPE (1788-1858) was an Italian nationalist who had fought with Napoleon and served with Murat, a daring cavalry general who became Napoleon's brother-in-law and whom Napoleon named King of Naples in 1808. Pepe continued political and military conspiracies aimed at Italian independence, including a failed plot (1819) to kidnap King Ferdinand of Naples and Prince METTERNICH of Austria. (Metternich (1773-1859), the architect of the Concert of Europe, which attempted to preserve monarchical empires against the forces of nationalism and revolution, was viewed by most European revolutionaries as their chief foe.) Pepe finally returned to Italy to take part in the unsuccessful revolutionary movements of 1848. Joseph-Marie PORTALIS (1778-1858) was France's Minister of Justice (1821-1828) and Foreign Minister in 1829, the year of this letter. Mailing folds. Integral leaf frayed at opening. Document has been carefully silked. Overall, fine condition.

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