MARTIN DE MAYORGA - DOCUMENT SIGNED 12/14/1779 CO-SIGNED BY: TEODORO DE CROIX - HFSID 294529
Sale Price $1,190.00
MARTIN DE MAYORGA and TEODORO DE CROIXAs Viceroy of New Spain and commander of the Northern provinces, they issue a 16x23 proclamation forbidding trade with England, pursuant to Spain's war with England arising from the American Revolution. Document signed: Martin de Mayorga [Signed with his paraph below his printed signature] as Viceroy of New Spain, and "De Croix" as Commander of the Northern Provinces 16¼x23¼ De Mayorga has signed in Mexico (City), 1779 December 14. De Croix has signed at Arizpe [Sonora, New Spain], 1780 February 7. Partly printed document announcing the embargo on trade with England declared by Charles III, King of Spain. Attached at bottom is an additional sheet (8¼x9½) to record additional endorsements and docketing. Endorsement by De Croix includes the statement that he is responsible for publishing it in the Province. TEODORO DE CROIX (1730-1792) was a French-born Spanish soldier and colonial official. After serving in the Spanish king's bodyguard, he was sent to the Americas in 1766 as inspector of military garrisons and commander of the fortress at Acapulco. In 1777, he took command of the newly created General Command for the Northern Provinces, encompassing Spanish California and Texas as well as northern Mexico. His mission was to preserve order in the territory, suppress any revolt by Indian communities, and guard the frontier against incursion by other colonial powers (France and England). In 1783, de Croix was reassigned as Viceroy of Peru, where he served until 1790. MARTIN DE MAYORGA Ferrer (1721-1783), also a career Spanish officer, was Captain General of Guatemala (1773-1779) before being named interim Viceroy of New Spain (1779-1783). As Viceroy he improved sanitation in an effort to combat smallpox and other epidemics, and collected and preserved historical records. He dispatched a small military force to Florida to aid the American settlers fighting for independence from Britain. Multiple mailing folds. Worn and toned. Multiple notches and tears at edges. Edges frayed and worn. Adhesive residue at edges. Corners chipped and torn. Some ink light but legible.
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