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She sends a letter to contributors in hopes of raising money for the Women's Committee of Tribute to China
Typed letter signed: "Pearl S. Buck", 1p, 7x10½. New York, N.Y., 1940 July 8. On imprinted letterhead to "My dear Mrs. Gates". In full: "On July 7th of this year China commemorated the third anniversary of the Japanese invasion. For three years the people of China have endured and resisted with all their strength the same forces which are now devastating Europe. Today the Chinese spirit is undiminished in spite of years of suffering almost unalleviated and as yet unequaled. In recognition of this brave spirit, I am inviting you to join a group of one thousand American women who wish to express their sympathy for the women of China who, throughout these terrible years of unspeakably barbaric invasion, have won the respect of all the world. Each of these American women is giving $100 or more toward saving the lives of thousands of Chinese women and children who are dying for lack of the simplest medical supplies. These supplies will be purchased and sent to China through the American Bureau for Medical Aid to China. The Bureau is made up largely of volunteers and more than 95ยข out of every $1 it receives goes direct to China for medical supplies, ranging from serum to dried milk, all purchased in the United States. These American women will form the Women's Committee of Tribute to China, and their names are to be inscribed in a Book of Hope, together with assurances of the immediate shipment of the medical supplies so critically needed for the wounded, the sick and the homeless. This book will be sent to the women of China through Madame Chiang Kai-shek as an evidence of our sympathy and our admiration at this time of tragic beginning of still another year of war. The gift itself will be more than a gesture of mercy and humanity. It will provide treatment for at least 800,000 of the most serious cases. But more than that, it will be a stimulus to the morale of the entire Chinese nation, fighting against such overwhelming odds to hold its own. I am appealing only to outstanding women of known human sympathy. I am sure you will give your warm response." Typed form letter to a select group of possible contributors, authentically signed in ink. In the year of this letter, Buck published one book, Other Gods. This letter shows Buck's strong support for China, then governed by Nationalist President Chiang Kai-shek in a shaky "united front" with Mao Tse-tung's Communists, who had been at war with Japan since 1937. In addition to this effort to raise funds for supplies for the women and children of China, Buck also engaged in a number of other humanitarian efforts on behalf of Asian peoples. In 1942, two years after this letter, she and her second husband, New York publisher Richard Walsh, founded the East and West Association, which was dedicated to cultural exchange and understanding between Asian nations and the West. After WWII, Buck established the Pearl Buck Foundation to aid the illegitimate children of U.S. servicemen, and she would later (1949) found Welcome House, the first international inter-racial adoption agency. Having grown up in China as the daughter of missionaries, Buck, who spoke fluent Chinese as well as English, had herself experienced the terror of unrest in China, first during the Boxer Rebellion (1900) and then in March 1927, during what became known as the "Nanking Incident". In the latter incident, she and her first husband, John L. Buck, had been caught in the cross-fire of fighting between the Nationalist troops of Chiang Kai-shek, the Communists and various war lords and had to be rescured by U.S. gunboats. And, her commitment to the women and children of China, was likely inspired by the example of her mother, who aided Chinese women and children by running a small dispensary. Pearl Sydenstricker Buck (1892-1973) was the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature (1938). Best known for her novels about China (including The Good Earth; 1932 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction), Buck wrote over 70 novels as well as biographies, an autobiography (My Several Worlds, 1954), dramas, children's literature and translations from the Chinese. Lightly creased, touching the "P" of Pearl. Stray ink mark at lower left blank margin. Fine condition.

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Born: June 26, 1892 in Hillsboro, West Virginia
Died: March 6, 1973 in Danby, Vermont

Film Credits
The Alcoa Hour (Writer), 2001 Pavilion of Women (Writer), 1977 The Gift (Writer), 1971 Today (in person), 1971 The David Frost Show (in person), 1966 The Mike Douglas Show (in person), 1965 Guide (Writer), 1962 Satan Never Sleeps (Writer), 1961 The Big Wave (Writer), 1961 The Big Wave (Producer), 1961 The Big Wave (Other), 1959 The Twentieth Century (in person), 1958 The Mike Wallace Interview (in person), 1957 The Tex and Jinx Show (in person), 1957 Robert Montgomery Presents (Writer), 1956 Person to Person (in person), 1954 Da di (Writer), 1945 China Sky (Writer), 1944 Dragon Seed (Writer), 1937 The Good Earth (Writer), 1937 The Good Earth (Producer), 1937 The Good Earth (Other), 1937 The Good Earth (in person)

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