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PRESIDENT ANDREW JACKSON - CIVIL APPOINTMENT SIGNED 11/09/1830 CO-SIGNED BY: PRESIDENT MARTIN VAN BUREN - HFSID 287094

ANDREW JACKSON and MARTIN VAN BUREN In a period of strained Franco-American relations, Jackson as President and Van Buren as Secretary of State sign the appointment of Nathaniel Miles to the US Legation in Paris. Civil Appointment signed: "Andrew Jackson" as President, "M.

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ANDREW JACKSON and MARTIN VAN BUREN In a period of strained Franco-American relations, Jackson as President and Van Buren as Secretary of State sign the appointment of Nathaniel Miles to the US Legation in Paris. Civil Appointment signed: "Andrew Jackson" as President, "M. Van Buren" as Secretary of State, 1 page, 9x12½. Washington, 1830 November 9. Appointment of Nathaniel Niles as Secretary of the Legation of the United States to the King of the French, authorized to perform all duties pertaining to the office. Seal intact at lower left. ANDREW JACKSON (1767-1845), the 7th President of the United States (1829-1837) was the last President to have served in the Revolutionary War. He led US military forces in many battles with American Indians of the Southeast, and became a national hero by defeating the British Army at the Battle of New Orleans (1815). Twice a US Senator from Tennessee (1797-1798, 1823-1825), "Old Hickory" is remembered as a strong President who championed national unity. While some of his policies were controversial, such as the forcible removal of Indian populations on the "Trail of Tears," his advocacy of popular participation in government shaped the modern Democratic Party. Jackson's blunt forcefulness was apparent in his dealings with France, with whom relations were strained due to unresolved US claims arising from French capture of merchant vessels during the Napoleonic Wars. France agreed in principle to pay the claims (July 1831), but a vote to appropriate the money failed to pass the French legislature. The President told his advisors, "I know them French. They won't pay unless they're made to," and sent a stern diplomatic message threatening force if the claims were not paid. French public opinion was outraged by this demand, and there was talk of war, but King Louis Philippe used his influence, and the debt was paid in full in 1836, before Jackson left office. MARTIN VAN BUREN (1782-1862), a shrewd politician known as "The Little Magician" and "Old Kinderhook" (the origin of the term "OK", had been a U.S. Senator(1821-1828), Governor of New York (1829). He was Jackson's Secretary of State until April 1831, when he was appointed Minister to Great Britain. Jackson quarreled bitterly with John C. Calhoun, Vice President in his first term, and replaced him with Van Buren in his second (1833-1837). Van Buren was himself elected President in 1836, but lost his bid for re-election, in large measure because of a severe economic slump which many historians attribute to Jackson's policies. Van Buren would run for President again as candidate of the Free Soil Party in 1848. Nathaniel Niles, Jr. (1791-1869) was a career diplomat. Heavily toned, soiled and creased. Moisture stains at right and bottom edges. Paper seal at center left margin. Edges irregularly cut. Corners and edges lightly worn. Pencil note (unknown hand) on verso. Otherwise, fine condition. Previously authenticated by PSA/DNA.  

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