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PRESIDENT ANDREW JOHNSON - CIVIL APPOINTMENT SIGNED 07/26/1866 CO-SIGNED BY: FREDERICK WILLIAM SEWARD - HFSID 33123

ANDREW JOHNSON and FREDERICK W. SEWARD Appointment of Deputy Postmaster at San José, California. Partly Printed DS: "Andrew Johnson" as 17th U.S. President and "F.W. Seward" as Acting Secretary of State, 1p, 17x11½. Washington, 1866 July 26.

Sale Price $1,920.00

Reg. $2,400.00

Condition: fine condition
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ANDREW JOHNSON and FREDERICK W. SEWARD
Appointment of Deputy Postmaster at San José, California.
Partly Printed DS: "Andrew Johnson" as 17th U.S. President and "F.W. Seward" as Acting Secretary of State, 1p, 17x11½. Washington, 1866 July 26. In part: "Know Ye, That, reposing special trust and confidence in the Integrity, Ability, and Punctuality of Simon M. Cutler, I have nominated, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, Do Appoint Him Deputy Postmaster at San José, in the State of California and do authorize and empower him to execute and fulfil the duties of that Office according to Law...four years, from the day of the date hereof unless the President of the United States for the time being should be pleased sooner to revoke and determine this Commission." Article I Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution gave the Congress the power "to establish Post Offices and post Roads". The President and the Secretary of State had always signed Postmaster appointments. During the Grant administration, Congress passed the Civil Service Act, which became effective on January 1, 1872. It prescribed rules and regulations regarding the appointments of civil officers. From that date on, the President and the Postmaster General signed Postmaster appointments. FREDERICK W. SEWARD was the son of Secretary of State William H. Seward. On the evening of April 14, 1865, F.W. Seward was injured when he prevented a Lincoln conspirator from killing his father. F.W. served as Assistant Secretary of State during the eight years his father was in the Lincoln and Johnson Cabinets and, at times, as evidenced by this document, acted as Secretary of State in his father's absence. ANS: "S.M. Cutler" on verso: "Appointment as Postmaster/at San Jose by A. Johnson/July 26th 1871" (sic). Creased, separated at folds, nicked and torn at blank edges and lightly soiled. Mid-vertical fold, which had separated, was repaired with plastic tape on verso. The signatures and full 3-inch paper seal, affixed at lower left, are in fine condition.

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