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PRESIDENT ANDREW JOHNSON - PRESIDENTIAL WARRANT SIGNED 02/23/1867 - HFSID 4941

ANDREW JOHNSON He orders a pardon for postal thief Charles Rhodes, as recommended by both of Wisconsin's Senators. Presidential Warrant signed: "Andrew Johnson" as President, 1p, 8¼x5¾. Washington, 1867 February 23.

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ANDREW JOHNSON
He orders a pardon for postal thief Charles Rhodes, as recommended by both of Wisconsin's Senators.
Presidential Warrant signed: "Andrew Johnson" as President, 1p, 8¼x5¾. Washington, 1867 February 23. In full: "I hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of State [William H. Seward] to affix the Seal of the United States to a Warrant for the unconditional pardon of Charles Rhodes dated this day, and signed by me and for so doing this shall be his warrant". At the February 1866 term of the United States Court for the District of Columbia, CHARLES RHODES was convicted of stealing from the post office and sentenced to ten years imprisonment. According to U.S. government records, President Johnson pardoned Rhodes because "his youth, former irreproachable character, good conduct whilst imprisoned and other mitigating circumstances render him a proper object of executive clemency and his pardon has been recommended by the United States Attorney who prosecuted the case, by Senators Doolittle and Howe and by a large number of other influential and respectable citizens." In his three years 323 days as President, ANDREW JOHNSON issued 654 pardons, more than any of his predecessors; James Monroe had held the record with 419 pardons in eight years. As Johnson was signing this warrant, Congress was discussing two critical bills. On March 2, 1867, exactly one week after this warrant, the bill "to provide efficient governments for the insurrectionary states," which embodied the congressional plan of Reconstruction, was passed by Congress. It was vetoed by President Johnson but passed over his veto the same day. On the same day, Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act, also over Johnson's veto. Among other provisions, the new law provided that members of the President's Cabinet could be removed only with the consent of the Senate. The main articles of Johnson's impeachment in 1868 were for violating the provisions of this act when he removed Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. Two-thirds of the 54 Senators present (36) were necessary to convict. The vote was 35 guilty, 19 not guilty, one short of conviction. Wisconsin's Republican senators, JAMES R. DOOLITTLE and TIMOTHY O. HOWE, who had recommended the pardon of Charles Rhodes, voted in Johnson's impeachment trial. Howe voted "guilty" with the majority. Doolittle, who voted "not guilty", left the Republican Party and served as the Chairman of the Democratic National Convention held in Baltimore in 1872. Blank areas have been trimmed off from the top and bottom. Light rectangular stain at upper right, nick at left edge at horizontal fold. Horizontal fold touches the upper portion of the "A".

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