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PRESIDENT ANDREW JOHNSON - PRESIDENTIAL WARRANT SIGNED 03/02/1867 - HFSID 4928

ANDREW JOHNSON On the same day he vetoed the Tenure of Office Act, Johnson remits the remaining sentences of four convicts. Presidential Warrant signed: "Andrew Johnson" as President, 1p, 8½x6. Washington, 1867 March 2.

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ANDREW JOHNSON
On the same day he vetoed the Tenure of Office Act, Johnson remits the remaining sentences of four convicts.
Presidential Warrant signed: "Andrew Johnson" as President, 1p, 8½x6. Washington, 1867 March 2. In full: "I hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of State [William H. Seward] to affix the Seal of the United States to a Warrant for the remission of the remainder of the sentences of William Woods, Charles H. Tyler, James Day and William White, dated this day and signed by me and for so doing this shall be my warrant." WILLIAM H. SEWARD served both Presidents Lincoln and Johnson as Secretary of State (1861-1869). Article II Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution gives the President of the United States the "power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States." President Johnson's attempt to carry out Lincoln's policies of reconstruction and reconciliation brought him into bitter conflict with the Radical Republicans in Congress. While Johnson signed this warrant on March 2, 1867, he did not sign the Tenure of Office Act that was passed by Congress that same day. On that day, the act was passed by Congress over his veto. It prohibited the President from removing a Cabinet officer without Senate approval. On August 12, 1867, during a Senate recess, President Johnson dismissed Secretary of War Stanton, a Radical Republican. When the Senate reconvened on February 13, 1868, it ordered Stanton reinstated. General U.S. Grant, Secretary of War ad interim, returned to his army duties. Eight days later, Johnson dismissed Stanton again. Johnson's action was in violation of the Tenure of Office Act. On February 24, 1868, President Johnson was impeached by the House of Representatives. His trial began in the Senate on March 13, 1868. On May 26, 1868, the impeachment proceedings ended with his acquittal by one vote: 35 guilty, 19 not guilty (two-thirds guilty are necessary for removal). Horizontal fold touches the top of the "A", "J" and "h". 4¾x¾-inch rectangular shading at upper left margin touches 5 printed words. Overall, fine condition.

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