Three weeks after gaining power, Castro signs a typed document authorizing
transfer of documents and data to one of his lieutenants.
Important Typed DS: "Fidel Castro", 1 page, 8½x11. Fortaleza de
La Cabaña, Havana 1959 January 30. In Spanish. "From: Dr. Fidel Castro
Ruz/To: All the Ministries". In full: "It is authorized to
Captain Dr. ANTONIO NUÑEZ JIMENEZ to remove collections and documents and
data to him, necessary for plans of the REVOLUTION." Dr. ANTONIO
NUÑEZ JIMENEZ (1923-1998) served under Che Guevera in the revolution
which brought Castro to power. He later organized geographic expeditions to
locations around the world including the North Pole, Antarctica, the Andes,
Amazon, Galapagos Islands and Africa. FIDEL CASTRO marched into Havana on
January 9, 1959 and became Cuba's new leader. Fulgencio Batista had fled
Cuba on January 1, 1959, after his government was overthrown by an armed revolt.
After the fall of Batista, the Constitution of Cuba of 1940 remained in force
for a very short period. It was almost immediately replaced by the Basic Law of
February 7, 1959. This law granted the highest legislative powers to the Council
of Ministers. On January 30, 1959, the day Castro issued this document, the
Council amended articles 27, 29, 196 and 197 of the Constitution of 1940.
Amendment of these articles suspended a number of guarantees of personal liberty
for a period of 90 days, including the right to appear before a judge within 72
hours of detention and recourse to habeas corpus. In practice, the revolutionary
courts were legalized. These changes were made permanent through an amendment to
the Basic Law of November 2, 1959. File holes at blank left margin. Creased.
Toned at edges. Sporadic pinhead-size stains in blank areas. Folds, not at
For more documents by these signers click the names below:
PRESIDENT FIDEL CASTRO (CUBA)
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