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PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT - ANNOTATED DOCUMENT UNSIGNED - HFSID 31367

Roosevelt wrote handwritten corrections on this document for his entry in Who's Who in America. This entry was for the 1932-1933 edition of Who's Who, while he was Governor of New York and just before he was elected president.

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FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT
Roosevelt wrote handwritten corrections on this document for his entry in Who's Who in America. This entry was for the 1932-1933 edition of Who's Who, while he was Governor of New York and just before he was elected president.
Unsigned annotated document with numerous green ink notations in Roosevelt's hand. With lead, red and blue pencil and green and blue ink notations in unknown hand and black and red ink stamps. 1 page, 7x10½, on goldenrod paper, with 2x2¼ clipped book biography affixed. From The A. N. Marquis Company, Palmolive Building, Chicago, Illinois. Titled: "For WHO'S WHO IN AMERICA (Vol. 17) 1932-1933". Stamped near lower right corner: "Oct 5 - 1931". The biography affixed to this sheet contains Roosevelt's entry in Who's Who in America, which was issued two years before this form was prepared. Roosevelt made several handwritten corrections to the biography in the margins of the form and crossed out a penciled notation near the left edge. Roosevelt (1882-1945, born in Hyde Park, NY) is an American politician who served as president during two of the most difficult times in world history, the Great Depression and World War II. He also served as president for four terms (1933-1945), longer than any other president in history. Roosevelt's parents were from old New York families, and he was raised in privilege. Theodore, his fifth cousin, was elected president in 1902; his leadership style and lust for reform made him Franklin's hero and role model. Roosevelt was elected to the New York State Senate in 1910; he ran as a Democrat in a district that hadn't elected a Democrat since 1884, but ran on his privileged name and rode a Democratic landslide to the State Senate, where he joined reformers in opposing New York City's Tammany Hall Democratic machine. He resigned in 1913 when appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1913-1920), where he worked to expand the Navy and founded the Navy Reserve and where he met Winston Churchill for the first time in 1918. He ran as vice president with James M. Cox of Ohio, but they were handily defeated by Warren Harding. He contracted a paralytic illness in 1921 while vacationing in Campobello Island, New Brunswick, widely believed to be poliomyelitis, which permanently paralyzed him from the waist down. Not many people knew at the time that he was paralyzed, though, thanks in part to a cooperative press. He was elected Governor of New York (1928-1932), a governorship that was marred by his reluctant deal-making with the faltering Tammany Hall machine during his 1930 re-election run. He was elected president in 1932, three years into the worldwide Great Depression, a depression that contributed to the rise of Adolf Hilter. Roosevelt tried to get people back to work with the New Deal and prevent the same thing happening in the United States. The New Deal was a patchwork of programs that scholars now agree had limited success at best in ending the Depression, and some of its programs, like the National Recovery Administration (NRA), were determined to be unconstitutional. However, programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps employed hundreds of thousands of Americans and programs like NRA and the Tennessee Valley Authority injected billions of federal dollars into the economy. Roosevelt was also responsible for Social Security benefits for the elderly and minimum wage laws. He began re-arming the United States in 1938, in the face of strong isolationism, and declared that the United States would become an "arsenal of democracy" against Hitler. But the isolationism dissolved with the attacks on Pearl Harbor, and the United States entered World War II. Roosevelt's administration put the nation on a war footing while coordinating strategy with his counterparts Churchill and Josef Stalin, the so-called "Big Three". He died four months before V-J Day and the official end of World War II on Aug. 12, 1945. Encapsulated in Mylar. Not inspected outside encapsulation. Lightly toned, creased and rippled. Biography has irregular edges. Pinholes near both corners on right edge, which do not touch handwriting. Small dent in left edge. Random ink stains. Folded twice and unfolded. Otherwise in fine condition.

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