PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT - AUTOGRAPHED SIGNED PHOTOGRAPH 01/20/1941 CO-SIGNED BY: VICE PRESIDENT HENRY A. WALLACE, CHIEF JUSTICE CHARLES E HUGHES, CORDELL HULL, CHARLES ELMORE CROPLEY - HFSID 299290
Sale Price $6,162.50
FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT'S THIRD INAUGURATION
Oversize black and white photograph showing FDR being inaugurated for his third term, signed by the President, his Vice President and Secretary of State, Chief Supreme Court Justice Charles E. Hughes and Supreme Court Clerk Charles Elmore Cropley, who held the President's family bible while the oath was administered. Handsomely framed to 17½x15.
Photograph signed: "Franklin D Roosevelt", "Charles E. Hughes, Jan. 20, 1941", "Charles Elmore Cropley/January 20, 1941.", "Cordell Hull" and "H.A. Wallace", B/w 13¼x10¼, framed to 17½x15. On Monday, January 20, 1941, Franklin Delano Roosevelt became the nation's first and only president to be inaugurated to a third term in office. FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT (1882-1945, born in Hyde Park, New York) is an American politician who served as president during two of the most difficult times in world history, the Great Depression and World War II. He also served as president for four terms (1933-1945), longer than any other president in history. Roosevelt's parents were from old New York families, and he was raised in privilege. Theodore, his fifth cousin, was elected president in 1902; his leadership style and lust for reform made him Franklin's hero and role model. Roosevelt was elected to the New York State Senate in 1910; he ran as a Democrat in a district that hadn't elected a Democrat since 1884, but ran on his privileged name and rode a Democratic landslide to the State Senate, where he joined reformers in opposing New York City's Tammany Hall Democratic machine. He resigned in 1913 when appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1913-1920), where he worked to expand the Navy and founded the Navy Reserve and where he met Winston Churchill for the first time in 1918. He ran as vice president with James M. Cox of Ohio, but they were handily defeated by Warren Harding. He contracted a paralytic illness in 1921 while vacationing in Campobello Island, New Brunswick, widely believed to be poliomyelitis, which permanently paralyzed him from the waist down. Not many people knew at the time that he was paralyzed, though, thanks in part to a cooperative press. He was elected Governor of New York (1928-1932), a governorship that was marred by his reluctant deal-making with the faltering Tammany Hall machine during his 1930 re-election run. He was elected president in 1932, three years into the worldwide Great Depression, a depression that contributed to the rise of Adolf Hitler. Roosevelt tried to get people back to work with the New Deal and prevent the same thing happening in the United States. The New Deal was a patchwork of programs that scholars now agree had limited success at best in ending the Depression, and some of its programs, like the National Recovery Administration (NRA), were determined to be unconstitutional. However, programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps employed hundreds of thousands of Americans and programs like NRA and the Tennessee Valley Authority injected billions of federal dollars into the economy. Roosevelt was also responsible for Social Security benefits for the elderly and minimum wage laws. He began re-arming the United States in 1938, in the face of strong isolationism, and declared that the United States would become an "arsenal of democracy" against Hitler. But the isolationism dissolved with the attacks on Pearl Harbor, and the United States entered World War II. Roosevelt's administration put the nation on a war footing while coordinating strategy with his counterparts Churchill and Josef Stalin, the so-called "Big Three". He died four months before V-J Day and the official end of World War II on Aug. 12, 1945. From March 4, 1933 to September 2, 1940, HENRY AGARD WALLACE (1888-1965) served as FDR's Secretary of Agriculture, the same job held by his father, Henry C. Wallace, under Presidents Harding and Coolidge (March 5, 1921 until his death on October 25, 1924). At the Democratic National Convention held in Chicago Stadium from July 15-18, 1940, Wallace was selected by FDR to be his running mate, and the convention nominated the team on the first ballot. In the November 5, 1940 election, FDR and Wallace soundly defeated the Republican ticket of political newcomer Wendell L. Willkie and Senator Charles L. McNary by 27.2 million to 22.3 million popular votes, 449-82 electoral votes and 38-ten states. Wallace served as FDR's Vice President from 1941-1945. In 1944, he was replaced on the ticket by Senator Harry S Truman. President Roosevelt died just 82 days after Wallace's vice presidential term ended. Before his death, FDR appointed Wallace as his Secretary of Commerce, making Wallace the only former Vice President to serve in a President's Cabinet. Wallace held the office under FDR and Truman until September 20, 1946, when Truman forced him to resign for criticizing U.S. foreign policy. Wallace became Editor of the "New Republic" (1946-1948) and helped to launch the new Progressive Party. In 1948, he became the new party's candidate in the presidential election, winning no electoral votes as Truman beat Dewey. As Secretary of State under Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933 to 1944, CORDELL HULL (1871-1955, born in Overton County, Tennessee) was the chief architect of the Good Neighbor Policy toward Latin America. He had previously represented Tennessee as a Democrat in the U.S. House of Representatives (1907-1921, 1923-1931) and U.S. Senate (1931-1933) and had served as Chairman of the Democratic National Executive Committee (1921-1924). Early in World War II, Hull began planning a postwar international organization that would become the United Nations. In 1945, "the Father of the United Nations" was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. CHARLES E. HUGHES (1862-1948) was Governor of New York (1907-1910) when President Taft appointed him Associate Justice. In 1916, Hughes resigned from the Supreme Court having received the Republican nomination for President; he lost to Wilson. President Harding appointed him Secretary of State in 1921, and he remained in that office when Coolidge became President in 1923, staying until 1925. When Chief Justice Taft retired in 1930 because of ill health, President Hoover appointed Hughes as Chief Justice, only the second man reappointed to the Supreme Court (the first was John Rutledge). Hughes served until he retired in 1941. CHARLES ELMORE CROPLEY (1894-1952) served as clerk of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1927 until 1952. He is shown in the photograph holding FDR's family bible. Not framed in Gallery of History Style.
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