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PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT - MEMORANDUM SIGNED 01/20/1930 - HFSID 32829

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT Franklin D. Roosevelt sends a typed memorandum that he thinks a museum will be appropriate. Memorandum Signed: "F.D.R." as Governor of New York, 1p, 5½x8½. No place, 1930 January 20. To William H. Kelley.

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FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
Franklin D. Roosevelt sends a typed memorandum that he thinks a museum will be appropriate.
Memorandum Signed: "F.D.R." as Governor of New York, 1p, 5½x8½. No place, 1930 January 20. To William H. Kelley. In full: "I think the idea of a Dean Moon Memorial Hall or Museum in the Louis Marshall building is most appropriate." Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945, born in Hyde Park, NY) is an American politician who served as president during two of the most difficult times in world history, the Great Depression and World War II. He also served as president for four terms (1933-1945), longer than any other president in history. Roosevelt's parents were from old New York families, and he was raised in privilege. Theodore, his fifth cousin, was elected president in 1902; his leadership style and lust for reform made him Franklin's hero and role model. Roosevelt was elected to the New York State Senate in 1910; he ran as a Democrat in a district that hadn't elected a Democrat since 1884, but ran on his privileged name and rode a Democratic landslide to the State Senate, where he joined reformers in opposing New York City's Tammany Hall Democratic machine. He resigned in 1913 when appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1913-1920), where he worked to expand the Navy and founded the Navy Reserve and where he met Winston Churchill for the first time in 1918. He ran as vice president with James M. Cox of Ohio, but they were handily defeated by Warren Harding. He contracted a paralytic illness in 1921 while vacationing in Campobello Island, New Brunswick, widely believed to be poliomyelitis, which permanently paralyzed him from the waist down. Not many people knew at the time that he was paralyzed, though, thanks in part to a cooperative press. He was elected Governor of New York (1928-1932), a governorship that was marred by his reluctant deal-making with the faltering Tammany Hall machine during his 1930 re-election run. He was elected president in 1932, three years into the worldwide Great Depression, a depression that contributed to the rise of Adolf Hitler. Roosevelt tried to get people back to work with the New Deal and prevent the same thing happening in the United States. The New Deal was a patchwork of programs that scholars now agree had limited success at best in ending the Depression, and some of its programs, like the National Recovery Administration (NRA), were determined to be unconstitutional. However, programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps employed hundreds of thousands of Americans and programs like NRA and the Tennessee Valley Authority injected billions of federal dollars into the economy. Roosevelt was also responsible for Social Security benefits for the elderly and minimum wage laws. He began re-arming the United States in 1938, in the face of strong isolationism, and declared that the United States would become an "arsenal of democracy" against Hitler. But the isolationism dissolved with the attacks on Pearl Harbor, and the United States entered World War II. Roosevelt's administration put the nation on a war footing while coordinating strategy with his counterparts Churchill and Josef Stalin, the so-called "Big Three". He died four months before V-J Day and the official end of World War II on Aug. 12, 1945. (1882-1945), the 32nd President of the U.S., served as President longer than any other man (1933-1945). Roosevelt, who was elected to an unprecedented four terms as President and served for 12 years before dying in office in 1945, led the nation through two of its greatest crises, the Great Depression and WWII. He had previously served as Governor of New York (1929-1933), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1913-1920), a post once held by his cousin, Theodore Roosevelt, and as a New York State Senator (1911-1913), and had been a candidate for the Democratic Vice Presidential nomination in 1920. Fold creases not near initials. Fine condition.

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