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PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT - TYPED LETTER SIGNED 03/29/1944 - HFSID 16437

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT During World War II, FDR signs a typed letter promising to forward a Methodist bishop's letter on conscientious objectors to the Director of Selective Service. Important Typed Letter Signed: "Franklin D. Roosevelt" as 32nd U.S. President, 1 page, 8x10½.

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FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
During World War II, FDR signs a typed letter promising to forward a Methodist bishop's letter on conscientious objectors to the Director of Selective Service.
Important Typed Letter Signed:
"Franklin D. Roosevelt" as 32nd U.S. President, 1 page, 8x10½. The White House, Washington, 1944 March 29. Ten weeks before D-Day, President Roosevelt writes to Reverend G. Bromley Oxnam, Resident Bishop, The Methodist Church, Boston. In full: "Your letter of March 15, 1944, in reference to procedures for handling conscientious objectors has been referred to the Director of Selective Service who is now engaged in studying this entire matter. He will advise you of his recommendations and conclusions on this subject at an early date. I am glad to have the expression of your views on conscientious objectors and appreciate your writing me in this connection." During World War I, to be recognized as a Conscientious Objector, a man had to belong to a pacifist religious group. The 1940 Selective Training and Service Act showed greater liberality towards Conscientious Objectors. It stipulated for "religious training and belief" but not necessarily membership in a pacifist religious group. However, pacifists without recognized claim to exemption were liable to harsher treatment, and about 5,000 conscientious objectors were imprisoned in the United States between 1940 and 1945. The postwar Selective Service Act, passed in 1948 and amended in 1951, required that conscientious objection be based on religious belief and training that included belief in a Supreme Being. In 1970 the Supreme Court removed the religious requirement and allowed objection based on a deeply held and coherent ethical system with no reference to a Supreme Being. G. Bromley Oxnam (1891-1963) was Bishop of the Methodist Church from 1936 to 1960. A church leader who emphasized social reform rather than theological dispute, Oxnam was a supporter of FDR's New Deal policies. He played an important role in the formation of the National Council of Churches. Horizontal fold touches signature, light crease at lower right corner. Overall, fine condition.

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